120.S06.fwguide3

120.S06.fwguide3 - Philosophy 120(S 06 MacLeod Freedom and...

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Philosophy 120 (S 06), MacLeod Freedom and Determinism Study Guide # I. Compatibilism/Soft Determinism Harry and Sue agree that Tom Cruise is divorced, but disagree about whether he is a bachelor. This is because they disagree about what it means to say someone is a bachelor. The factual question is not at issue. The dispute between them is conceptual. Harry thinks being a bachelor and being divorced are incompatible, but Sue thinks they’re compatible. Similar points hold for HD and SD as well. HD and SD agree on the core factual issue. Like the Hard Determinist, the Soft Determinist thinks that all human actions and choices are, in fact, determined, i.e. necessitated by antecedent events. Despite their agreement on the facts, Hard and Soft Determinists disagree about whether we can act freely and responsibly. This is because they disagree about what it means to say we act freely and responsibly. HD thinks freedom and determinism are incompatible, while SD thinks they’re compatible. Very Important Point One Can Easily Miss : The Soft Determinist (Hume) is not soft on determinism. Like HD, SD says actions are determined, and so are choices. Nonetheless, SD says we are typically free and responsible for our actions. The Soft Determinist gives an analysis of free, responsible action that makes freedom compatible with determinism. If the Soft Determinist is “soft on something,” it is the requirements for free choice. (See below.) II.
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