Study Guide Prelim 1 - Betsy Distelburger 10/1/08 PL BIO...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Betsy Distelburger 10/1/08 PL BIO 240 Review Prelim 1 Study Guide Key Terms: Genetic Engineering-transfer of genetic information to an organism to introduce a heritable trait Prokaryote-“simplest” form of life, bacteria, cyanobacteria, lack complexity, cell wall, cytoplasm, nucleoid, plasma membrane Eukaryote-more organized, organelles, Organelles-membrane bound structures (nucleus, chloroplast, mitochondria) Differentiation-development of a cell into a specific cell type Totipotency-all cells contain the same genetic information Mitosis-as cells divide, chromosomes are assed on to daughter cells Genotype-genetic material of an organism Phenotype-physical appearance of an organism-physical traits Meiosis-process by which cells divide to form gametes Gametes-sperm and egg cells Genes-region of the chromosome which carries the information of one trait DNA-Deoxyribonucleic Acid-chemical structure of a gene Purines-Adenine and Guanine Pyramdines-Cytosine and Thymine Base pairing-sequence of bases down strands-key information for coding proteins RNA-Ribonucleic Acid-different sugar, one different base mRNA-messenger RNA-carries information from DNA to cytoplasm for translation Semi-conservative-when DNA is replicated one of the 2 mother strands is
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Study Guide Prelim 1 - Betsy Distelburger 10/1/08 PL BIO...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online