Psych Vocab Exam 4 - Final Vocab Chapter 17 Psychotherapy-...

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Final Vocab Chapter 17 Psychotherapy- An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties Biomedical Therapy- Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient’s nervous system Eclectic Approach- An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client’s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy Psychoanalysis- Sigmund Freud’s therapeutic technique; Freud believed the patient’s free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences, and the therapist’s interpretations of them released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight Resistance- In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material Interpretation- In psychoanalysis, the analyst’s noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight Transference- In psychoanalysis, the patient’s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent) Client Centered Therapy- A humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic, environment to facilitate clients’ growth (aka person-centered therapy) Active Listening- Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers’ client-centered therapy Behavior Therapy- Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors Counterconditioning- A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning; includes exposure therapy, and aversive conditioning Exposure Therapies- Behavioral techniques such as systematic desensitization, that treats anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid
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Systematic Desensitization- A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli; commonly used to treat phobias Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy- An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking Aversive Conditioning- A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol) Token Economy- An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats Cognitive Therapy- Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions Cognitive-Behavior Therapy- A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
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Psych Vocab Exam 4 - Final Vocab Chapter 17 Psychotherapy-...

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