master outline.docx - Torts Table of Contents Torts.1 Torts Generally.9 Act 9 Act of Commission 9 Act of Omission 10 Culpability.

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Torts Table of Contents Torts ........................................................................................................................................ 1 Torts Generally ........................................................................................................................ 9 Act ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 9 Act of Commission ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9 Act of Omission ......................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Culpability ............................................................................................................................................................................... 10 Intent ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 10 Recklessness/Wantonness/Gross Negligence .............................................................................................................. 10 Negligence .................................................................................................................................................................................. 10 Causation and Harm ............................................................................................................................................................ 11 Intentional Torts .................................................................................................................... 11 Intent ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 11 Purpose or Knowledge .......................................................................................................................................................... 11 Categories of Persons Who May Form the Requisite Intent .................................................................................. 12 The Eggshell-Skull Plaintiff Rule ....................................................................................................................................... 12 The Transferred Intent Doctrine ....................................................................................................................................... 13 Battery ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 13 Physical Contact ....................................................................................................................................................................... 13 Harmful Contact ...................................................................................................................................................................... 14 Offensive Contact ..................................................................................................................................................................... 14 Assault ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 15 Physical Act ................................................................................................................................................................................ 15 Reasonable Apprehension ................................................................................................................................................... 16 Imminent Battery .................................................................................................................................................................... 17 False Imprisonment ............................................................................................................................................................. 17 Confinement Within a Bounded Area ............................................................................................................................. 18 Confinement Without Lawful Authority ........................................................................................................................ 21 Plaintiff Must Be Aware of, or Harmed by, Confinement ........................................................................................ 23 Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress ............................................................................................................... 23 Extreme and Outrageous Conduct ................................................................................................................................... 23 Severe Emotional Distress ................................................................................................................................................... 25 Bystander Recovery ................................................................................................................................................................ 25 Modern Trend in Bystander Cases ................................................................................................................................... 26 Torts to Property .................................................................................................................... 26 Trespass to Land ................................................................................................................................................................... 26 Intent ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 26 Unlawful ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 Physical Invasion ..................................................................................................................................................................... 28 Someone Else’s Property ...................................................................................................................................................... 28 Nuisance ................................................................................................................................................................................... 29 Public Nuisance ........................................................................................................................................................................ 29
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Private Nuisance ...................................................................................................................................................................... 31 Conversion of Chattel .......................................................................................................................................................... 33 Intentional Exercise of Control .......................................................................................................................................... 33 Personal Property of Another ............................................................................................................................................ 33 Serious Interference Justifying Payment of Full Value of Chattel ....................................................................... 34 Trespass to Chattel ............................................................................................................................................................... 36 Intent ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 36 Interference ............................................................................................................................................................................... 36 Defenses to Intentional Torts ................................................................................................. 36 Consent ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 36 Requirements for Effective Consent ................................................................................................................................. 36 Types of Consent ...................................................................................................................................................................... 38 Scope of Consent ...................................................................................................................................................................... 39 Self-Defense and Defense of Others .............................................................................................................................. 39 Proportionality Requirement ............................................................................................................................................. 39 Deadly Force .............................................................................................................................................................................. 40 Reasonable Belief .................................................................................................................................................................... 40 Retaliation and Preemptive Strikes Not Permitted .................................................................................................. 40 Unlawful Physical Force ....................................................................................................................................................... 40 Duty to Retreat ......................................................................................................................................................................... 41 Necessity .................................................................................................................................................................................. 41 Public Necessity ........................................................................................................................................................................ 41 Private Necessity ..................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Defense and Recapture of Property .............................................................................................................................. 43 Use of force generally not permitted to recapture property ................................................................................. 43 Force Must Be Reasonable Under the Circumstances .............................................................................................. 43 Entry onto Property of Another to Recapture Converted Chattel ....................................................................... 44 Negligence ............................................................................................................................. 44 Duty—When a Duty Arises ............................................................................................................................................... 44 General Duty to Foreseeable Victims of Defendant’s Carelessness ..................................................................... 44 Duty Arising from Voluntary Undertaking to Render Assistance ....................................................................... 46 Duty Arising as a Result of Risk Creation ...................................................................................................................... 46 Duty—The General Standard of Care for Adults ....................................................................................................... 47 Mental Characteristics of the Reasonable Person ..................................................................................................... 47 Physical Characteristics of Reasonable Person .......................................................................................................... 48 Standard of Care in an Emergency Situation .............................................................................................................. 48 Role of Custom, Usage, Industry Standards, and Procedures in Evaluating Defendant’s Conduct ....... 48 Duty—Standards of Care for Minors ............................................................................................................................. 49 Special Standard Generally Applicable to Minors ..................................................................................................... 49 Applicability of Adult Standard When Child Engages in Adult Activities ........................................................ 50 Duty—Premises liability: Special Duties of Possessors of Land ........................................................................ 50 Invitee Defined .......................................................................................................................................................................... 50 Possessor’s Duty to Invitees ................................................................................................................................................. 51 Licensee Defined ...................................................................................................................................................................... 52 Possessor’s Duties to Licensees .......................................................................................................................................... 53 Trespasser Defined .................................................................................................................................................................. 54 Duty to Child Trespassers: Attractive Nuisance Doctrine ...................................................................................... 56 Duty—Premises Liability: General Duty of Reasonable Care .............................................................................. 57 Duty—Premises Liability: Landlord’s Liability for Defects in Premises ......................................................... 58
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Landlord Agrees to Repair Defects .................................................................................................................................. 58 Landlord Negligently Makes Repairs .............................................................................................................................. 58 Landlord Retains Control of Premises ............................................................................................................................ 58 Certain Latent Defects ........................................................................................................................................................... 58 Premises Leased for Public Use ......................................................................................................................................... 58
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