Reading Logs - Sonik 1 Upasana Sonik Global 1 TA: Dan...

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Sonik 1 Upasana Sonik Global 1 TA: Dan Fibiger Reading Log #1: Giles Gunn “Introduction” The beginning of Gunn’s Introduction provides a concise description of globalization as a worldwide phenomenon; the second part is primarily a description of how various people view this phenomenon. In Gunn’s words, globalization is an expression of worldwide connectedness. The effects of globalization have been vast; many positive effects (like an increase in the world’s per capita income) and negative effects as well (like the widening of the rich and poor class) - economic, political, and social effects- have come from it. The origins of globalization are debated; while some say globalization truly began with the end of the Cold War, Gunn emphasizes that globalization began with the Age of Exploration, when commerce first went cultural. Life histories have been interlinked for thousands of years; however historians have just recently begun to explore the interconnectedness of political, economic, and social links throughout history. Hyperglobalists are essentially believers in globalization, where the borders of nation states have diminished and new systems of governance, like the IMF has replaced traditional ways of living. Transformationalists believe that the new globalization phenomenon has produced new political systems and economies that are temporary and uncertain. These opposing viewpoints emphasize the face that globalization is a topic of popular debate. Gunn’s theory about globalization starting from the age of Exploration, relates to McNeil’s theory in his article “A Short History of Humanity. McNeil also agrees that globalization started from the Age of Explorations, thousands of years ago. Reading Log #2: David Held “Introduction (to Global Transformations)” As Gunn defined, globalization is defined as the expansion of worldwide interconnectedness. Though IT workers in India that provide customer service to Americans are full proof of this phenomenon, Hyperglobalists, sceptics, and Transformationalists disagree on how globalization is best conceptualized. As Gunn had introduced, the Hyperglobalists feel that globalization is a phenomenon that is undeviating and certain to affect people all over the world. On the other hand, sceptics argue that globalization is a mask that hides the reality of an international economy in which national governments remain dominating. Transformationalists argue that globalization is a recent phenomenon that has come about because states and societies have tried to adopt an interconnected world. In conclusion, Hyperglobalists feel that globalization has fueled the end of the nation-state; sceptics feel that world interconnectedness depends on state support and the Transformationalists feel that globalization is transforming state power and world politics. In relation to Gunn’s Introduction, Held’s article goes more into depth on the opposing views that people have on globalization and its effects. Reading Log #3: Barrie Axford “Globalization”
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Reading Logs - Sonik 1 Upasana Sonik Global 1 TA: Dan...

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