LING 450 Lab 3
10 / 15 / 08
Monophthong vowels in English:
/ɪ/, /i/, /eɪ/, sometimes /e/, /ɛ/, /æ/, /ɑ/, /ɔ/,
/oʊ/, sometimes /o/, /ʊ/, /u/, /ʌ/, /ɜ/ (I don’t know)
Basque (Basque family): Basque, like Spanish for most speakers, has a
very simple pure 5 vowel system: /i/, /e/, /a/, /o/, and /u/
Georgian (Kartvellian family): Georgian also has a very limited vowel
system /i/, /ɛ/, /u/, /ɔ/, and /ɑ/
Russian (Indo-European – Eastern Slavic): Many of the allophonic
variations in Russian depend on placement of stress within words and
palatization. /i/, sometimes /ɨ/ /e/, /ɑ/, /o/, /u/, and /ə/.
Finnish (Uralic – Finno-Ugric): Since vowels play an important
grammatical and lexical role in Finnish words, there is almost no
allophony in the 8 vowels. /i/, /e/, /æ/, /y/, /ø/, /ɑ/, /u/, and /o/
Indonesian (Austronesian): Indonesian also has the diphthongs /ai/,
/au/, and /oi.
/i/, /e/ or /ɜ/, /ə/, /a/, /u/, /o/ or /ɔ/.