1Social-Cognitive Perspective with the Human PerspectiveKayla ChurchmanPSY/203September 14, 2015Faculty Name
2Social-Cognitive Perspective with the Human PerspectiveTo behaviorists, the concept of personality refers to the sum total of an individual’s learnedbehavior. Social- cognitive theorists believe that personality consists of individuals’ repertories ofbehavior and ways of thinking about themselves and the world.Where Freud was primarilyconcerned with our baser instincts, Maslow focused on the highest reaches of human endeavor,the process of realizing our unique potentials.The human perspective is a psychological perspective that is holistic in the sense that itfocuses on everything about the person, instead of just behaviors. The goal of this perspective isto encourage self-acceptance and personal growth. The social-cognitive perspective states thatchanges in behavior are linked to changes in personality. This states that a person can change theirpersonality based on some important fundamental events, such as a behavior, environment, orpersonal factors. Both perspectives agree with the idea that an individual is always changing.Whether that be through their personality, or through their “self”, people are always changing.There are several differences between humanistic perspective and social-cognitiveperspective. One difference are the factors that each theory believe are most important. Anotherdifference is what each perspective believes may cause a change in behavior change. The social-cognitive theory would blame it on an event, such as a relative dying. The humanistic perspectivewould blame it on an event in peoples’ lives that cause them to lose motivation, and fall lower onMaslow’s hierarchy of needs.The humanistic perspective is an approach to psychology that emphasizes empathy andstresses the good in human behavior. In politics and social theory, this approach calls for humanrights and equality. In counseling and therapy, this approach allows a psychologist to focus onway to improve an individual’s self-image and self-actualization- the things that make them feelworthwhile.