C181 Study Guide getting completed.docx

C181 Study Guide getting completed.docx - Study Guide...

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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution C181 Study Guide How to Use this Study Guide This document is a guided study plan to help you refine your studying as you progress toward the objective assessment. This guide is not a substitute for a thorough reading of the material; it is just to help you identify areas to critically think about so you can be successful in this course. Tips for using this guide : Answer the questions as you read through the learning resource. Remember, the section and sub-section headings in the chapters are a useful way to identify the main points in the chapter. Use the self-evaluation checklist after you complete the reading. If you feel that you still need additional help, contact the course mentor. Prior to taking the assessment, review the guide to help you study. __________________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 1: Freedom, Order, or Equality __________________________________________________________________________________ Section 1.2- The Purposes of Government Complete the following table: The first column on each line lists a specific purpose. In the second column, and on the same line as the purpose, write in it’s definition. Purpose Definition Maintaining Order Established ways of social behavior. Maintaining order is the oldest purpose of government. Providing Public Goods The Government can use their powers to provide public goods. Which means, benefits and services suchs as parks and sanitation, that benefits all citizens but are not likely to be produced by individuals. Promoting Equality Equality has been in big debate for years and very controversial. The issue has been redistributing income. Taking money from the wealthy and giving it to the poor. That’s not including equality for women to be paid the same amount as men, women in the armed services and increase in minimum wage. Answer the following questions: 1. Define liberalism: The belief that states should leave individuals free to follow their individual pursuits. 2. According to John Locke’s philosophy of liberalism, what is the role of the state (the government)? According to Locke; “the state should leave citizens free to further their individual pursuits.” Page 1 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution Section 1.3- A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing Government Answer the following question: 1. What are the three values pursued by government? Order; Freedom; Equality Section 1.4- The Concepts of Freedom, Order and Equality Answer the following questions: 1. What is the difference between political equality and social equality? With political equality, everyone gets one vote, and all votes will be counted equally. Social equality, everyone has a chance to become rich, has an education, and their status. 2. Contrast equality of opportunity and equality of outcome. The equality of opportunity is the idea that each person guaranteed the same chance to succeed in life. Where outcome is the concept that society must ensure people are equal, and governments must design policies to redistribute weatlth and status so that the economic and social equality is actually achieved. So with Opportunity; you are guaranteed a chance, you make the choices you
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