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Ch 4 The Gree - Ch 4 The Greek Experience Early Greece(ca 1650-1100 B.C.E Hellas land Good harbors rather than rivers Minoan and Mycenaean

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Ch. 4 The Greek Experience Early Greece (ca 1650-1100 B.C.E.) Hellas – “land”; Good harbors rather than “rivers” Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations The Polis City-state basic political unit Acropolis : usually elevated with temples, altars, public monuments, and dedications to gods Agora : public square or marketplace Political Life in the Polis Knew leaders, elected them to office Hoplites : heavily armed infantry/foot soldiers Many options for rule: Monarchy, Aristocracy , Oligarchy , Democracy, Tyranny Intimate Life in Polis The Archaic Age (800-500 B.C.E.) Population increase Land hunger and social/political tensions leads to Greek colonization (750-550 B.C.E.) Adopted Phoenician alphabet Iliad and Odyssey (Mycenaean war with Troy) The Growth of Sparta Solved overpop. by conquest Helots - “state serfs” Social transformation Citizens’ vigorous military training Boys (12-24) – slept on reed mats, rugged physical and military training Men – constant training Women – trained for healthy children and Spartan belief in strength for all The Evolution of Athens Solon Elected chief magistrate by fellow nobles (594 B.C.E.) Debt reform: banned debt enslavement Allowed all citizens to join leader electing assembly Refused to be a tyrant and left Central government assembly - amend, accept, or reject by majority vote council of 500 – paid office The Classical Period (500-338 B.C.E.) Deadly Conflicts (499-404 B.C.E.)
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2008 for the course PHYS 103 taught by Professor Newman during the Spring '08 term at Coastal Carolina University.

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Ch 4 The Gree - Ch 4 The Greek Experience Early Greece(ca 1650-1100 B.C.E Hellas land Good harbors rather than rivers Minoan and Mycenaean

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