Ch.%205%20The%20World%20of%20Rome%20student%20outline

Ch.%205%20The%20World%20of%20Rome%20student%20outline - Ch...

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Ch. 5 The World of Rome Early Rome Roman Republic 0. Patricians – wealthy landowning aristocracy 1. Plebeians – free commoners 2. Roman Forum = agora 3. Senate – aristocracy 4. Concilium plebis (471 B.C.E) – plebian assembly, passed ordinances 5. 2 consuls with 1 yr term 6. Praetor (366 B.C.E.) – 4 (227 B.C.E.): administered justice and interpreted law 0. Struggle of the Orders – patricians vs. plebeians 0. Tribunes – plebeian elected officials 1. Law of the Twelve Tables – plebeians want law code Growth and Military 0. Military 2. Early army – citizen-farmers 3. Became more professional with expansion 4. At height, legions = 160,000 troops 1. Controlled central Italy ca. 400 B.C.E. 1. Explanations for expansion Age of Overseas Conquest (282-146 B.C.E.) 5. First Punic War (264-241 B.C.E.) 7. Roman victory over Carthage in Sicily 6. Gen. Hamilcar (238-228) 7. In 221, his son Hannibal (246-183) assumed control in Spain 8. C. control extended north to Ebro river 9. attacked Saguntum (219) – provoking Rome? 8. Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.E.) 0. Rome followed 1 st Punic War strategy of fighting in Spain and Carthage 1. Hannibal didn’t wait for engagement in Spain 1000 mi. march through France and Alps (April – Sept 218) 3. His success as a general 9. 3 major victories devastated Italian countryside 10. At river Trebia as he descended from Alps 11. Lake Trasimene (217): Surprised and nearly wiped out Romans
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Ch.%205%20The%20World%20of%20Rome%20student%20outline - Ch...

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