Test%201%20Study%20Guide

Test%201%20Study%20Guide - Test1StudyGuide

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Test 1 Study Guide 40 of these Multiple Choice questions will be on the test along with all the questions in Part 2. Summary Category # of Questions Krauskopf - 001 Chapter. .. 23 Krauskopf - 002 Chapter. .. 15 Krauskopf - 003 Chapter. .. 18 Krauskopf - 004 Chapter. .. 27 Krauskopf - 005 Chapter. .. 27 Krauskopf - 006 Chapter. .. 29 1. When first proposed, a scientific idea is usually called a A. hypothesis. B. law. C. theory. D. model. 2. Scientific theories A. must be constantly reviewed to see whether they are in accord with new experimental observations. B. represent guesses that have not yet been compared with observational data. C. are summaries of particular experiments. D. are laws of nature not subject to revision. 3. The object in the sky that lies very nearly on an extension of the earth's axis is A. the sun. B. the moon. C. Mercury. D. Polaris. 4. A constellation is A. an especially bright star. B. an apparent pattern of stars in the sky. C. a group of stars close together in space. D. a group of planets close together in space. 5. A day is the time needed for A. the sun to drift completely around the sky. B. the moon to drift completely around the sky. C. the earth to turn completely on its axis. D. None of the choices are correct. 6. Leap years are needed because A. the earth's orbit is not a perfect circle. B. the length of the day varies. C. the length of the year varies. D. the length of the year is not a whole number of days.
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7. A planet not visible to the naked eye is A. Mars. B. Venus. C. Mercury. D. Neptune. 8. In which one or more of the following is the earth assumed to be the center of the universe? A. the Ptolemaic system B. the Copernican system C. Kepler's laws of planetary motion D. Newton's law of gravity 9. The discovery that the planetary orbits are ellipses rather than circles was made by A. Ptolemy. B. Copernicus. C. Kepler. D. Newton.
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10. Kepler modified A. the Ptolemaic system. B. the Copernican system. C. Newton's law of gravity. D. the theory of the tides. 11. The period of the earth's orbit around the sun is A. one day. B. one week. C. one month. D. one year. 12. When a planet is farthest from the sun in its orbit, A. its speed is greatest. B. its speed is the same as when it is farther away. C. its speed is least. D. Any of the choices, depending on which planet it is. 13. Astrology A. provides a scientific basis for planning our lives. B. correctly predicts the future. C. is based on the scientific method. D. is nonsense. 14. The scientist who showed that gravity accounts for Kepler's laws of planetary motion was A. Newton. B. Brahe. C. Einstein. D. Galileo.
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15. Gravity is not A. a fundamental force. B. responsible for holding the moon in orbit around the earth. C. responsible for holding atoms and molecules together.
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2008 for the course HIST 111 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '08 term at Coastal Carolina University.

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Test%201%20Study%20Guide - Test1StudyGuide

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