chapter3 - Emil Kraeplin (1856-1926) Abnormal Psychology...

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1 Abnormal Psychology Chapters 3 Classification and Diagnosis Emil Kraeplin (1856-1926) ± Tendency for certain group of symptoms to cluster together often enough to be regarded as having an underlying physical cause– syndrome ± Mental illnesses seen as distinct from each other with own ± genesis ± symptoms ± course ± outcome 2 groups of severe mental diseases ± Dementia praecox ± Early form of schizophrenia ± Due to chemical imbalance ± Manic-depressive psychosis ± Due to irregularity in metabolism ± Note. This classification scheme became the basis for present diagnostic categories. Classification and Diagnosis ± 1939 WHO added mental disorders to the International List of Causes of Death ± 1948 list expanded to become the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death (ICD) ± International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems,10th Revision Version for 2007 ± http://www.who.int/classifications/apps/icd/icd10online/ ± Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) ± American Psychiatric Association A Brief History of Classification ± 1939 ± WHO added mental disorders to the International list of Causes of Death ± 1948 ± List expanded to become International Statistical Classification of Disease, Injuries and Causes of Death (ICD) ± 1969 ± WHO ICVD still just a list of diagnostic categories, actual behaviors or symptoms that were the bases opf the diagnoses not specified ± 1952 ± American Psychiatric Association publishes Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)
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2 DSM ± DSM (1952) ± DSM-II (1968) ± DSM-III (1980) ± DSM-III-R (1987) ± DSM-IV (1994) ± DSM-IV-TR (2000) Purposes of Assessment Clinical Description ± Summarizes person’s unique behaviors, thoughts and feelings that together make up features of a disorder Diagnosis ± Involves analyzing information and drawing conclusions about the nature or causes of the problem, and in some
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chapter3 - Emil Kraeplin (1856-1926) Abnormal Psychology...

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