08 - MMW5 Lecture Week 1 11/01/2008 13:05:00 Lecture Two...

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MMW5 Lecture Week 1 11/01/2008 13:05:00 Lecture Two 1/9/08 The ‘Great Man’ Theory Presupposes that important individuals affect important events Martin Luther King French Revolution o Proximate cause: Louis XIV’s bad leadership o Underlying causes: Enlightenment ideas changing economic  conditions (rise of a new socio-economic class, the bourgeoisie)  Napoleon o Rise of nationalism, new military regime Why should we care? Hitler o P. cause: Rejected from art school o U. cause: Economic situation, nationalism, political instability Lecture Three 1/11/08 What is a state? And how does a system of sovereign states differ from feudalism which  existed before it? State: a ‘country. The political unit that has a monopoly or the legitimate use  of force over a clearly defined territory Feudalism (500-1648) Political system of the Middle Ages Lord and vassal relationship (peasants come together under lord; reciprocal  relationship) Lords of each village join together under an appointed count (vassalage  again) Weapons and armor expensive, took long time to make and train
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Lords, kings, etc used castles as defensive weapon o When barbarians invade, everyone runs into castle with belongings  and help defend castle Aristocracy: Nobility. Those who owned land o Blue blooded. White, pasty, veiny Europeans. Didn’t work. Peasants: Serfs. Those who worked the land o Vast division in society Two features of feudalism Very decentralized: chief loyalty was to local lord Unclear lines of authority: not clear where loyalty should lie The Thirty Years War, 1618 – 1648 Small disputes and unclear lines of authority led to big war. Everybody vs.  Everybody Ends with Peace of Westphalia, 1648 o Established the Centralized State  Political system since 1648 The (political) institution with a monopoly on the (legitimate) use  of force over a clearly defined territory
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MMW5 Lecture Week 2 11/01/2008 13:05:00 Lecture Four 1/14/08 The Centralized or Sovereign State Political system since 1648 The (political) institution with a monopoly on the (legitimate( use of force over  a clearly defined territory Sovereignty – the exclusive right to complete control over a given territory or  people Three Questions So, what happened to little a’s and little b’s after 1648? Did they just ‘go  away’? o
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This note was uploaded on 10/21/2008 for the course MMW 5 taught by Professor Cassedy during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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08 - MMW5 Lecture Week 1 11/01/2008 13:05:00 Lecture Two...

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