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MMW3 Lecture 4/5/07

MMW3 Lecture 4/5/07 - The Formation of the Roman Republic...

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The Formation of the Roman Republic 03/04/2007 23:52:00 Key Questions: 1) what are some defining patterns in the history of the Roman Republic? 2) What persistent tensions existed within the Roman Republic? 1) Historical Origins of Rome a) Livy’s Conflation of Myth and History o Writing around 26 BCE during the early reign of Caesar Augustus o Finding an explanation and justification for the grandeur and imperial  destiny of Rome Birth of Remus and Romulus Mother raped, necessary sacrifice “Rome shall be capital of world.” (35) Auspicious signs  Temple of Terminus (79) found a face unspoiled by time and took that as  sign of permanence and stability of Rome The doors of the Temple of Janus Would remain open if Rome was still in state of  arms (expansion) and close if rested Livy says that Rome only closed twice briefly,  always in state of war and expanding, and  therefore will become rulers of world Etruscan Not Trojan Origins? Livy’s attribution of Rome’s ancestry to Aeneas Livy didn’t explain Etruscan history because  insecure
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Tarquin Debt to Etruscan Culture Culturally advanced and introduced the polis  system Privileged Latin roots of Roman culture? Rome’s origins o Ancestry of vagabond (26) Romans took in vagabonds b/c not enough people (outsiders,  wanderers) o
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