IOP SCRIPT.docx - IOP SCRIPT Good Morning my name is...

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IOP SCRIPT Good Morning, my name is Daniela Zapata, and today i will be discussing the cultural settings of things fall apart by Chinua Achebe, and Persepolis by Marji Satrapi, before, and during the introduction to change in their societies. When reading this book, and graphic novel, I immediately recognized the difference in both cultures, from all around culture, as well as the cultural setting itself. Things fall Apart deals with the colonial era in Nigeria from 1889 to 1914, when europeans colonized Nigeria in hopes to gain gold, slaves, and spread christianity . S pecifically, telling the story of Okonkwo, and the igbo society. One of the justifications of English (and French and American) colonizers is the need to instruct colonial subjects in self government. This justification was based on the belief that the people did not govern themselves effectively prior to the arrival of the colonizers. Although, each village had a person that could now be called a chief to head the town's political and administrative activities. This man was normally the oldest man of that village, and was called onye ishi ani, in things fall apart, the igbo culture was run mostly by a group of elders, and Agabala, who was The Oracle of the Hills and the Caves, who influenced all aspects of Umuofian life. She is based on the real Oracle at Awka, a location in which many igbo tribes lived, who controlled Igbo life for centuries. Okonkwo was considered a leader in his community, as he was “strong man”, who surpassed the shame brought upon him by his father, by bringing “honor to his
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village” for throwing Amalinze the cat, a wrestler who had been unbeaten for seven years until Okonkwo beat him. To be a respected man in the society of Umuofia, was to be a man who worked on their own farm, had many yams, claimed a title, and was just a strong male. Significantly Nwoye, Okonkwo’s oldest son was in Igbo terms, was not a strong male, he was even considered a sensitive male as he liked the stories told by the women instead of men; which will be significant in his and Okonkwo’s relationship. Men were the base of society, and women were the supporting roles who were only significant in cooking, cleaning, and the production of children. Which can be seen as ironic considering that most of the Igbo’s culture was decided by the Oracle, who in turn was a women. Ultimately revealing that even though the Igbo’s culture, and the way that
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