Psyc 2014 Essay - Discuss Freud's claim that "the...

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Discuss Freud's claim that "the bisexuality, which is present … in the innate disposition of human beings, comes to the fore much more clearly in women than in men" (Female sexuality, 1931, PFL Vol. 7, P. 374): Bisexuality and the difference in development of males and females
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Abstract Freud’s claim that bisexuality comes to the fore more clearly in men than in women can be explained by several postulates. Although Freud is attributed to much of the explanations, many of his postulates left unanswered questions. Fellow psychologists such as Chesseguet-Smirgel, Grossman, Meluk and Serebriany, reviewed Freud’s work and placed greater emphasis on certain parts of his work. This essay aims to explain the reason why females are considered to be more bisexual than men through the differences between male and female biology, psychology and physiology. Clinical observations, such as the use of penis plethysmometer which aim to measure the sexual arousal of males further emphasise the clear line between bisexuality and homosexuality and support Freud’s claims.
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According to Freud bisexuality, which is in the bedrock of human beings, appears more clearly in females than males as several influences occur at an early stage of a Child’s development. Freud believes that women, as opposed to men, take a more difficult journey to find their sexuality as a result of the Oedipus complex. Freud’s belief that “anatomy is destiny”, also provides an explanation for higher female bisexuality through differences between the male and female physiology. However Freud’s findings have since been highly criticised and reviewed by the likes of Chesseguet-Smirgel, Grossman, Meluk and Serebriany citing contradictions and anomalies in his theories. Freud did however propose that his postulates posed many questions which he could not answer leaving his theories not entirely complete. Studies and experiments have however been consistent with his statement on bisexuality. Freud’s view on the concept of bisexuality was that it was in the innate disposition of all human beings. Freud’s belief that bisexuality comes to the fore much more clearly in men than in women can be attributed to the fact that whilst men have only one leading sexual zone – the penis, whereas women have two – the vagina and the clitoris. The vagina however is virtually non-existent as a pleasure zone until the early stage of puberty which therefore leaves the clitoris – the female penis equivalent, as the main pleasure zone. This transition of pleasure zones is divided into two phases the masculine character – the clitoris as pleasure zone, to the feminine – vagina. Therefore according to Freud, the female development requires a transition from the
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Psyc 2014 Essay - Discuss Freud's claim that "the...

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