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Notes for the First test - New South and the Last West New...

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New South and the Last West 15/07/2008 10:03:00 New South and the Last West Lecture Outline The New South as envisioned by Henry Grady South in Transition Bourbon Redeemers Southern Industry o Cotton and Textiles o Tobacco o Coal and Iron o Timber o Railroads Blacks in the New South o Some of the new free-men became middle class. A few accumulated  large fortunes.  o The future of the race depended on education. o The Birth of Jim Crow Civil Rights Cases of 1883 o Plessy v. Ferguson – segregation on trains. Plessy challenged the law,  would not move to black section. This created the “separate but equal”  ruling. The facilities had to be equal. It was very rarely equal. o Cumming v. County Board of Education
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o Disenfranchisement o Williams v. Mississippi Origins of Black Protest o Booker T. Washington furthered black education. Encouraged other  blacks to do the same. 1895 gave a famous speech at Atlanta cotton  states exposition, call the “Atlanta Compromise Speech” by his  opponents. The theme of the speech was that blacks need to prove  themselves worthy of social acceptance.  o W. E. B. Du Bois – Chief critic of Booker T. Washington. Wrote “The  Souls of Black Folk” in 1903. Argued the political rights must come first  before blacks cross economic lines. In 1905 he meets in Niagara falls,  Canada, to launch what became known as the “Niagara movement.”  o Disenfranchising the black vote Poll tax White primary By 1890 the black vote had decreased by 62%, the white vote  had decreased by 26%. NAACP – national association for the advancement of colored people o Was the evolution of the Niagara movement. Their goal was to  challenge laws until it had enough power to challenge Plessy v.  Ferguson Guinn v. U.S. – grandfather clause in Oklahoma is declared  unconstitutional.  Buchanan v. Worley – supreme court strikes a Kentucky law that  required segregated residential housing. Conquest of the West Delayed Settlement Arrival of the Miners The Cattle Kingdom Romance of the West Mark Twain Frederick Jackson Turner
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Dispersal of the Tribes Plains Indians U.S. Policy toward the Tribes Warrior’s Last Stand Rise and Decline of the Western Farmer
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15/07/2008 10:03:00 Court cases continued Cumming vs. Board of education o State government don’t have to provide equal school for blacks in the  professions. Ex. Law, Medicine 1860 it became clear Texas wouldn’t leave California/Mexico barrier alone. People  desired to move into new regions at all time, regardless of Indian treaties. The process of 
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