Chapter 13 Notes p.434-445

Chapter 13 Notes p.434-445 - Tiffany Lee Period 6 9/28/06...

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Tiffany Lee Period 6 9/28/06 Chapter 13 Notes p.434-445 Gender and Culture Homosexuality was not used until 1892 and designated manual, oral, or anal erotic activity with a person of the same sex Medieval and Renaissance people used two terms, sodomy, all sexual acts with someone of the same sex, and sexual acts against nature, with animals etc Most people thought of sodomy with males in mind because it was thought that women could not have sexual pleasure without a man Renaissance people did not frame their understanding of sexuality according to the gender of someone’s sexual partners Many people preached against homosexuality The Florentine government set up a magistracy, the Office of the Night to seek out and punish sodomitical activity People of all classes of society participated in homosexual activity, but adult males usually desired younger men as their partners. Relations between adult men was not brought to the attention of the Office of the Night because that wasn’t their focus Men did not lose their masculinity if they participated in homosexual acts. They only lost it if they were the passive partner in the act. Some thought of these acts as part of the bonding in brotherhood Youths also participated in homosexual activity to receive gifts from the adult male. These relationships played important roles in defining stages of life, distinctions in status, and shaping masculine identity Blacks There were very few blacks in Europe, they were brought over along with white slaves as spoils of war. Merchants still imported them even after the fall of the Roman Empire. Saint Maurice was martyred because of refusing to renounce his Christian faith, he was portrayed as a black night In the 15 th century Portuguese explorers imported black slaves at about 1000 a year. Blacks made up 3% of the Portuguese population. Venetians specialized in the importation of white slaves but Renaissance courts wanted black slaves and Venetians defied threats of excommunication to secure them Black servants were highly prized because of their rarity and a black lady’s maid was a symbol of wealth Some slaves were acquired to act as “fools” to entertain Renaissance families Slaves were owned by people in all sorts of professions. People had portraits with their slaves to indicate their wealth. They worked in agriculture, craftsmen, herdsmen, grape pickers, etc Slaves were actors, actresses, and sometimes performed in orchestras. Slavery during the Renaissance foreshadowed the American and Brazilian pattern Not much was known about Africans and their cultures. Theologians thought that God was light, and black the opposite of light represented a hostile force. Because of this a black man usually represented evil in Renaissance art. Blackness did possess certain positive qualities. It showed emptiness of worldly goods, and
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Chapter 13 Notes p.434-445 - Tiffany Lee Period 6 9/28/06...

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