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FinalExamReview07 COMBO

FinalExamReview07 COMBO - Chelsey Kaplan Melissa Schwartz...

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Chelsey Kaplan  Melissa Schwartz  Matthew Pitzer Jenny Friedman 1. Who [which groups] and what are the Amniotes? o Amniote is a member of the tetrapoda that have an amniotic egg containing specialized  membranes that protect the embryo. Amniotes include mammals and birds and other reptile.   o Amniotes are a group that have an embryo that develops within a protective, fluid  filled sac called the amnion.  Groups that are included in that are mammalia and  reptilia. o Amniotes are tetrapods that have amniotic eggs and specialized membranes that protect the  embryo.  Also have internal fertilization and includes mammals and reptiles (incl. birds)  o Amniotes include Reptiles, and monotremes ( of mammalia). They lay shelled amniotic eggs. 2. Who [which groups] and what are the Tetrapods? o Tetrapods are a vertebrate with two pairs of limbs. Tetrapods include mammals, amphibians,  birds and other reptiles. o Tetrapods are jawed vertebrates with limbs and feet that can support their weight on  land.  They include amphibia and amniota (mammals and reptiles). o Tetrapods are vertebrates that have two pairs of limbs (tetra)->include mammals,  amphibians, birds and other reptiles. o Tetrapods have four limbs allowing for movement on land. Amphibians were the first tetrapoda. They include reptiles and mammals as well. 3. What groups are included in the Primates? o Primates are lorises, lemurs and pottos, tarsiers, antropoids (old world monkeys, new world  monkeys, hominoids (chimps, gibbons, orangutan, gorilla bonobo, hominids) o A lorises, lemurs, and pottos; relatively primitive  B tarsiers: second, relatively primitive and not widely distributed group  of primates C Anthropoid s: include  Old World Monkeys  (baboons, downward  nose),  New World Monkeys ( marmosets, upward noses, prehensile tails),  apes, and humans, had opposable thumbs Homonoids:  apes  gibbons:  smallest, lightest, and most acrobatic of apes orangutan:  shy, solitary, lives in rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo Gorilla : largest ape, more closely related to humans than to other  apes
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Chimpanzee:  knuckle walkers, more closely related to humans than  to other apes ( bonobo ) o Primates- Lorises, lemurs and potto-very simple Tarsiers-simple not widely distributed Antropoids Old World Monkeys New Worlds Monkeys Hominoids Gibbons,   Orangutans,   Gorillas,   Bonobos,   Chimpanzees,   Hominids   (humans),  Neanderthals o Primates include lemurs, tarsiers, and anthropoids. Anthropoids include new world monkeys, old world monkeys and hominoids (apes). Hominoids include gibbons, orangutan, chimpanzee (bonobos), gorillas, and hominids.
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FinalExamReview07 COMBO - Chelsey Kaplan Melissa Schwartz...

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