final draft.docx - Running head PERSON-CENTERED AND CLASSICAL ROGERIAN Person-Centered and Classical Rogerian Approaches to Therapy Development

final draft.docx - Running head PERSON-CENTERED AND...

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Running head: PERSON-CENTERED AND CLASSICAL ROGERIAN 1 Person-Centered and Classical Rogerian Approaches to Therapy: Development, Evolution, and Modern Methods Kaitlyn O’Connor University of Holy Cross
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PERSON-CENTERED AND CLASSICAL ROGERIAN 2 Abstract The focus of this paper is to explore the development and evolution of person-centered therapy (PCT) and the Rogerian approach in the mental health profession. Thirteen articles and two books on Carl Rogers and PCT have varying perspectives on the correct therapeutic method. Quinn (2015) argues the classical person-centered approach (PCA) having the six necessary and sufficient conditions is the most successful, while research has shown that there is no evidence to prove the effectiveness of person-centered therapy (Corey, 2013). The nondirective approach hypothesized by Rogers is accepted for the conditions of congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard, but debates are ongoing about if that is enough to facilitate change (Quinn, 2015). Pluralistic approaches within the person-centered field have recently been adopted; yet there are limitations to both pluralistic (PCT-plus) and classical Rogerian approaches. Classical Rogerian approach allows the client to guide his own therapeutic process, while the pluralistic approach is more dependent upon the techniques of the counselor (Kirschenbaum, 2012). The classical approach works for empowering clients, but methods of testing results should be identified in order for the traditional person-centered approach to continue.
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PERSON-CENTERED AND CLASSICAL ROGERIAN 3 Person-Centered and Classical Rogerian Approaches to Therapy: Development, Evolution, and Modern Methods Person-centered therapy (PCT) was established by Carl Rogers after almost forty years of research. The approach began as a nondirective, client-centered therapy in opposition to analytical theories. However, Rogers’s approach based on empathy, congruence, and unconditional positive regard was eventually dismissed due to lack of evidence and technique. With increased interest in the person-centered approach more therapists have accepted Rogers’s core conditions as necessary if not also sufficient for change. Therefore, while Rogers’s original hypothesis stated no technique was necessary, many person-centered practitioners have implemented techniques and methods into the therapeutic process. Numerous articles have stressed the importance of the core conditions of empathy, congruence, and unconditional positive regard as being the only factors needed to facilitate change within the therapeutic process. Yet pluralistic methods have been used with counselors claiming that not all clients will respond to the original intended method of person-centered therapy.
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