SY281 MT ESSAY ANSWERS.docx - *4 Discuss the different...

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* 4. Discuss the different types of roles and sociological relationships involved in participant observation * 1. How does the methodology of participant observation influence the development of sociological theory * 3. Outline and discuss the social skills needed for participant observation * 6. Outline and discuss the relationship between sociological theory and participant observation * 2. Outline and discuss the characteristics of an interpretive sociology . Discuss the implications of these characteristics for sociological research. * 5. How do the "thinking topics" of Lofland et al. help us to analyze the data of field work ? In your answer, refer to the topics and to the aspects of the topics . * 7. Outline and discuss the process of "asking questions" as presented by Lofland et al.. How do we generate interest in the research process? * 8. Outline and discuss the role of ethics in sociological research . How do ethical considerations influence the conduct of sociological research? ? . . POSSIBLE ANSWERS -------- OTHER NOTES NOT FROM TEXT & FROM Participant Observation INTRO : Participant Observation is the process in which an investigator establishes and sustains a versatile and situationally appropriate relationship with a human association in its natural setting for the purpose of developing a social scientific understanding of that group. Participant observation is a qualitative method with roots in traditional ethnographic research, whose objective is to help researchers learn the perspectives held by the study of populations. Qualitative researchers presume that there will be multiple perspectives within any given community. They are interested both in knowing what those diverse perspectives are and in understanding the interaction between them. Qualitative methods of data collection, such as interviewing, observation, and document analysis, have been included under the term ethnographic research over time. The process of participant observation requires the researcher to become involved as a participant in a social setting and make descriptive observations of oneself, of others, and of the setting. The extent to which the researcher becomes involved needs to be made specific. The degree of involvement both with people and in the activities, will change considerably between researchers and between events, and the researcher must decide on the extent of participation. The method of participation observation is distinctive because the researcher approaches participants in their own environment rather than having the participants come to the researcher. Generally speaking, the researcher engaged in participant observation tries to learn what life is like for an “insider” while remaining, inevitably, an “outsider.” A thorough understanding of participant observation in event settings requires researchers to consider their position and role in the research. By attending the event even as a passive spectator, the
researcher becomes a participant in the event, taking part in the social setting. As

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