Crusades Final Notes

Crusades Final Notes - Crusades Final Notes 2/25 Western...

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Crusades Final Notes 2/25 - Western Europeans known as expansionists o Crusades however not a period of colonial expansion but rather territorial expansion through settlements o Money and resources not always sent home (NOT colonialism) - Europeans realized they were behind Byzantines and Muslims and wanted to revive the Roman Empire o Wanted to ascend to dominance according to heritage - Cistercian Monk reading (describes situation East of the Elbe River prior to settlement) o Land was untapped and not used properly by the Polish Not using new technologies to cultivate land or left land uncultivated o Monks spy for Germans and see a society lacking modern goods and culture Poland very rural – economy not up to par Subsistence farming Lacked salt, iron, coinage, metal Only a few chapels – not all Christians o Western Europeans cultivating lands with new technology at time 3 field system, crop rotation, saartenns (clear swamps) - Lands of the Wends in Eastern Germany o Pagans of area shouldn’t possess such great land, meat, honey and flour o Land has potential…gives reason to conquer - Europe’s Advantages versus Muslims and Slavs o Adaptability, military techniques (good hand to hand combat), castles (keeps supplies safe/needs few men), armor and cavalry, confidence 2/29 - Hervey? De Glanville (1197) o English leave for Holy Land and decide to siege Lisbon in Muslim Spain o Normans believe they have right to siege because they have been active while Muslims have been slothful - Monk Amatus of Monte Cassino (1040’s) o Normans disregarded other cultures o Do not see them as Viking people (though of Viking heritage) o Normans seen as power hungry seeking fame around the world o Italians see Normans as barbaric and uncivilized in actions of conquest o Monte Cassino one of most famous monasteries globally o Norman leader in 13 th Century became one of richest men in Europe due to conquests o “Like the ancient knights” – the conquered see the Normans as Romans deserving to inflict their will on them
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Normans see themselves as Christians, continuing Roman conquests - How did Normans/Europeans Settle Land o Noblemen move into an area Build castle and bring in vassals o Peasant Immigrants Clear and work the land o Urbanization Chartered cities with uniform laws Laws create a dominant position over immigrant workers Reading notes - 1099 Godfrey takes the title of Ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem died in 1100 - Established: The County of Tripoli, Principality of Antioch, County of Edessa - Allegiances and Power in the Holy Land o Kingdom of Jerusalem largest o Bohemond was prince of Antioch – family holds power in region o Baldwin of Boulogne ruled Edessa – brother of Godfrey o Raymond of Teluse and army conquered Tripoli o King not directly in charge of everyone right away Younger brother in Edessa – vassal Antioch was a principality of Byzantines (problems with Byzantines and Muslims – bailed out by King of Jerusalem)
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This note was uploaded on 10/22/2008 for the course HIST 144A taught by Professor Bell during the Spring '08 term at Duke.

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Crusades Final Notes - Crusades Final Notes 2/25 Western...

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