rambling notes 2.docx - What were the New England Puritans key goals and beliefs How were early New England settlements set up and run to fulfill the

rambling notes 2.docx - What were the New England Puritans...

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- What were the New England Puritans’ key goals and beliefs? - How were early New England settlements set up and run to fulfill the Puritan’s social values? - New England Colonies: Plymouth (was separate from MA!), MA, CT, RI, VT - Plymouth Pilgrims, 1620 - Puritan Covenant - John Winthrop - City on a Hill - Chesapeake had big focus on individual economics (looking out for #1) - Puritans didn’t care as much about economics, more of a group and communal identity - Anglican-Church was official state church in England, so Puritans fled for freedom - Anything that’s not Roman-Catholic is Protestant o Puritans are a Calvinistic group o Plymouth were separatist Protestants, gave up on Church of England and reforming it like the non-separatists - 1621 – Pilgrim’s Thanksgiving Feast - The MA Puritans were NOT separatists o Think God will bless them and become a shining city on a hill o Will be a model for England to be inspired by and copy Governor Winthrop - Covenant and Covenant Vows o The English Puritans who moved to America o God says if you stray, worship false gods, you’ll be punished and fail Focus on social success, an organized and faithful society o Also have social covenants within the Puritans Willing to suppress selfish desires Work for the community Everyone must conduct themselves accordingly and behave to Puritan ways - Institutions of Social Control o Big on punishing offenders in Puritan society Puritan stocks Members of society must punish offenders or they are offending God Also had capital punishment for adultery and heresy No tolerance for deviancy in conduct and belief o Roger Williams was a rebel against these Puritans Taught things in stark contrast to them Spends a lot of time with the Narragansett Indians God reveals truth in different ways to different cultures Sharply criticizes the severity and policing of Puritans Eventually founds Rhode Island - First things Puritans built were social institutions in the center of the community o The village green = best land, shared by all - Also was Anne Hutchinson o Taught men, got exiled as well - Salem MA Witch Burning - Demographic traits in Early Chesapeake o Average life span = 43 years
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o Ratio of males to females about 3:1 o Length of Ave. Marriage = 7 years o Ave. # of children per Woman = 3 - New England o 70 years o Ratio about equal o Length of marriage was about 33 years o Ave. # of children per woman = 8 - Looked for outward signs of God’s favor - H.L. Mechan o Called the Puritans ‘a dark lurking fear that somewhere, someone was enjoying themselves’ - Focus shifted onto making money by the last half of the 17 th century - Halfway Covenant, 1662 o Formed by the shift from religious zealotry to something more lax People are lacking personal conversion testimonies Fewer are always attending church If your parents were full-fledged, you could attend church and have your children baptized even if you weren’t a ‘full member’ -
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