Describe the context of post – 1965 immigration from Asia. What were the circumstances
leading up to the immigration from Asia during the period?
The 1965 immigration Act abolished national origins quotas act from 1924 immigration law and
provided for annual admission of 170,000 Eastern Hemisphere immigrants and 120,000 from
Western Hemisphere. Eastern Hemisphere countries limited to 20,000 per country per year. Non-
quota immigrants admitted without limit. There were few contributing factors that made the 1965
First, there were needs for U.S. to portray them as leader of the free world. The federal gov.
began to address racial discrimination not only domestically, but also in immigration policy.
Secondly, there were needs for workers entrepreneurs private sector people educated and
skilled workers; therefore, people argued that less restrictive policy would draw these workers to
U.S. to fulfill the labor needs in certain sectors of the economy.
Lastly, there were supports from organized labor to pass the Labor Certification. The organized
labor which historically opposed Asian Immigration supported the 1965 Immigration Act. The Dept.
of Labor is given full control over Labor Certification. No immigrants would be admitted under to
occupational preferences categories in industries with sufficient number of American workers.
Moreover, there was a family preference that people who already have a family member in U.S
could immigrate only.
There were 4 nations of origins of immigrants from Asian post – 1965.
– Most of them were English speakers and Christians, and there were pretty
familiar with American culture. There were not barred from 1790 Naturalization Act and became
However, after 1976, there were 1976 substantial under-educated employment.
– There were also English speakers and familiar w/ American culture. After 1965,
well-educated professionals came into U.S; however, these elite people were underemployed that
they opened up business such as, health care supplies, liquor stores, and so on. It became new
opportunities for them.
– Chinese immigrants tend to have a Bipolar community. People from lower
downtown had never spoken English and were very unskilled, on the other hand, people from upper
town were very wealthy and educated.
– After WWII in 1945, when the country became divided into South and North,
society closely associated with U.S. (not colonization).
Because there were poor economic
opportunities, even for wealthy family members, they became entrepreneurs in America. They were
The circumstances leading up to the immigration from Asia during the period had PUSH