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Deniz Gorgun5/7/08Metaphors Are EffectiveEver since the beginning of the human life on this world, people have been tellingall kinds of stories to each other. We all do that as a social requirement in our everydaylives, but some of us are more talented in keeping the attention of the audience until theend of the story. The harmony of the tale with the style of telling is the key for the highmotivation of the audience. For the success of the writing to convey the author’smessage, the best thing that an author could do is to make the reader think about what he/she has just read. Thinking of a success of a paper, if the message to be given is needs ahigher level of understanding and critical thinking, it is often most effective to usemetaphorical expressions and indirection instead of straightforward expressions.Many respected authors constantly use the indirection technique, and thus give thereader joy of both reading and analyzing at the same time. George Orwell, in ‘1984’ and‘Animal Farm’, John Steinbeck in ‘Of Mice and Men’, Paolo Coelho in ‘OAlquimista(The Alchemist)’, William Golding in ‘Lord of the Flies’and Franz Kafka in‘Die Verwandlung(The Metamorphosis)’ all use this same technique of communicatingtheir ideas using metaphors. In all these examples the author gives different twists to boththe story and its aspects (i.e characters, objects and setting) in such a way that themessage is only received after an analysis of the text. Using metaphorical expressions iscertainly a very effective way of telling the tale.Throughout the novel “The Metamorphosis”, Kafka urges the reader to stop andthink of the last page read, and get the idea behind what is going on. For example, thevery first sentence of the novel tells how the protagonist, Gregor Samsa wakes up andfinds himself transformed to a bug. This very famous sentence can obviously be