2-Rome 091608

2-Rome 091608 - Lovers of things Greek (philosophers,...

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Lovers of things Greek (philosophers, works, plays etc.) vs Lovers of things roman After battle of pydna, Pallus brought Aristotle’s library back to Rome Three major schools of Greek philosophy o Academy at Athens Scepticism – Carnedes (Leader), you don’t really know anything Epicureanism – Hedonism, goal is pleasure, one definition (absence of pain) Ataraxia, state of having no mental pain Tetrapharmakon – four fold drug for any anxiety you might have o Proposition 1 – gods are not to be feared Believed in them, but lived in some space between worlds and didn’t interfere with humans o Proposition 2 – death is nothing to us o Proposition 3 – the good is easy to obtain o Proposition 4 – the bad is easy to avoid Must limit your desires, because it leads to pain, absence of satisfaction, it is not indulgence, more minimalist, limited life Some members of elite are Epicureanism, but not much because it is more of a withdrawal, escapism Stoicism Very appealing to the Roman aristocracy Form of fatalism Everything is fated, determined and for the best, even if we cant see Living in harmony with nature (fate) Living in harmony with a divine mind (also fate) Stance is that of endurance in face of misfortune, pity is a vice Simplicity, praise of virtue, poverty, frugality, personal autonomy o Agriculture ideology and background Panaetius – philosopher, tailored the philiospy for the aristocracy of rome, he is from Greece
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o Emphasise service to state, personal virtue, and value of endurance in the face of misfortune o He was a member of Scipio Aemilianus scion, group He was cultured, even though brutal Polybius o P.O.W after battle of pydna, taken into house of Pallus as a slave, he was then freed and wrote huge history of rome, admired the constitution, mixture of monarchy, oligarchy and democracy Terence also in this group Lucilius – Satirist Formed core of influential Hellenisation believers that acted against Cato the Elder (hated greek) o All went to Rome in 155B.C.E to conduct public debates o Enraged the Roman’s led by Cato o Scipio Aemelianus Frescoes, Wall Painting o Fresh, painted on wet plaster o 79 b.c.e eruption of Vesuvius, bury many towns All houses in Pompeii had wall paintings, widespread art form o Four styles, coined by a german, published in 1882, criticised but still there o New style comes, old one disappears slowly o Roman Painting Most important visual art is architecture, sculpture is an aspect of architecture Having architectural function, dictating space in front Wall painting has an architectural function, whole painted room is important, not the individual image Has tendency towards illusionism, to deceive the eye Stlye called the 3 rd style, reject illusionism, Emblematic or symbolic
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Strong sense of design Highly innovative and experimental Strong psychological impact, aggressive use of primary colours Use of light and dark
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This note was uploaded on 10/23/2008 for the course CLAS 151g taught by Professor Habinek during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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2-Rome 091608 - Lovers of things Greek (philosophers,...

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