Midtem 1 study guide

Midtem 1 study guide - Civilization of Rome SPQR Senate...

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Civilization of Rome SPQR- Senate o Power over almost all aspects of Rome o Senator for life, but can be dismissed o Can be dismissed for poverty o Each assembly can create laws, main purpose is to vote Centuriate Assembly o All citizens o Organized by wealth o 193 centuries Tribal Assembly o All citizens o Organized by residence o 35 tribal zones o 4 tribal zones in city of Rome Plebian Council o All citizens but those in the patrician class (patrician class was the smaller, upper class of Rome, held all important positions). Magistrates- All one year offices 2 consuls o Most powerful o Elected by the centuriate assembly o Pro-Consul= governor of a province 4 Aediles o Chiefs of police o Set measurement standards o 2 elected by Tribal Assembly, 2 elected by Plebian council 6 Praetors o Judges, each with different legal area o Can command armies o Elected by Centuriate assembly 10 Quaestors o Financial officers o “way into the senate” o Elected by Tribal council
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2 Censors o Eldest in senate o Immense integrity, meant to be un-bribable o Take census o Review taxation, reorganize army service, compile lists of peoples’ wealth o Elected every 5 years for 18 months o Fill senate vacancies, can kick people out of senate o Elected by Centuriate assembly Dictator o Constitution suspended for 6 months in times of crisis, one man placed in charge o Appointed by consuls o Dictator decides all laws during his six months o Chooses a 2 nd in command, the master of the horse 10 Tribunes of the People o Right to veto anything (laws from any other assembly, etc.) o Elected by Plebian council o Gave Plebian Council a lot of power Imperium o Legal right to use force to impose one’s will o Held by the Dictator, Consuls, Praetors, and Aediles. o Lictors- body guards who carried fasces (axes in bundles of rods) that symbolized power of Imperium The 12 tables o 451-450 BCE o Codified law demanded by the Plebians Roman Social Structure Pietas o Value that bonds a family together o Loyalty to father o Display to the Gods (piety) o Focus upon the male exhibition
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Saturnalia o Momentary social inversion o The master serves the slave, gives a gift Importation of Greek Culture o Epicureanism Pleasure- adscence of pain Tetrapharmakon 1. Gods are not of be feard 2. Death is nothing to us 3. Good is easy to find 4. Bad is easy to avoid o Stoicism Everything is fate, everything is for the best Live in harmony, edurance in face of misfortune Philosopher Panaetius- fit Stoicism to Rome Patron-Client system o One higher in the social system aided those lower than himself, and in return was given votes, favors, etc.
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