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Midterm_Review_Key_Terms - PPD245 Midterm Review Key Terms...

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PPD245 Midterm Review Key Terms 1 st paragraph (4-5 sentences) Annexation- - The legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity - Most famous annexation took place in 1898 when the city of New York merged all 5 burrows together to eventually form New York. - Provides the means for a city to grow - A city cannot grow without the ability to annex other area’s - The more tax dollars increasing the tax base - Provides the means more jobs and business to move into the area - Why is it important? o The movement from the rustbelts to the sunbelts People got fed up with growth in cities in the rustbelt therefore they moved to the sunbelts o In the 30’s and 40’s, the city growth was possible because of all public works money. o Most famous example was phoenix Baldwin Hills Village- - Housing development in LA in the 40’s - Tudwell’s greenbelt idea - Kept car on the outside so they couldn’t drive through the middle - Lots of communal green space - Single family homes - Design didn’t take off well, people didn’t like the central planned idea - Great examples of: o Superblock A much larger than a traditional city block, with greater setback for buildings, and is typically bounded by widely spaced, high-speed, arterial or circulating routes rather than by local streets o Specialized Means of Circulation o Community center o Diversified housing o Garden Courts o Comprehensively designed o Cost (Catharina Bauer o Landscaping / Recreational Area’s - Importance because it was an attempt to make affordable housing in an urban type setting. Also significant was that the diversified housing of low-income housing with high-income housing which was very new at this time. Central Business District-
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- The central district of a city, usually typified by a concentration of retail and commercial buildings. - Based on Concentric Zone theory - Relevant to planning that the idea doesn’t actually work, because area’s switch around and they mesh accordingly. - With the construction of freeways and highways, the amount of central business district declined due to the fact that people did not want to drive that far. City Commission- - Concept is to purify government by scientific management - Authored by Andrew D. White - Voters elect small commissions (5-7)to vote on specific legislation. - Important to the class because this was a non-partisan way to get rid of patronage. - Leaderless government - Technocratic approach - Minorities lack representation - Pro’s o First time there was merit to the people being voted on - Con’s o There was no leaders - Ended up moving to council, which elected a mayor and that could oversee the committees - An attempt to fight back against what people saw as an political corruption City Manager- - Hired as a professional by the council - Elections were : o Non-partisan o Citywide o Elective offices - Most popular form of city government for cities over 10,000 - Originated in Vrigina by Richard Childs Concentric Zone Theory- - Created by Robert E. Park, Ernest W. Burgess, and Roderick D. McKenzie -
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