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Unformatted text preview: Key Terms 23/10/2008 14:08:00 ← Public Space: • Steven Carr— pure public space : “responsive, democratic and meaningful” places that protect the rights of user groups o Accessible to all groups and provide for freedom of action but also for temporary claim and ownership o A place to act more freely o Changed by public action, because its owned by all o People can learn to live together • Conventional public space: Forum, square, common, park, garden, street, plaza • Unconventional public space: (private spaces used by public) vacant lot, freeway exit, corporate plazas, theme parks ← ← Frederick Law Olmsted: • Designer of central park • Park embodies olmsted’s social consciousness and commitment to egalitarian (everyone is equal) ideals • Common space must be equally accessible to all citizens • This principle is now so fundamental to the idea of a "public park" as to seem self-evident, but it was not so then o Olmsted's tenure as park commissioner can be described as one long struggle to preserve that idea. • Olmsted and Vaux put together a plan for Central Park. Central Park is in the city but not of the city – not made of grids, not connected to the NY grid. They limited access to Central Park for cars and horse carriages. They lowered the cross streets in the park, the cars drive beneath the park – separation of the outside world. It’s not just one park, it’s a series of parks and functions. • Yosemite – discovered in the 1840’s. Olmsted discovered it. They decided to preserve it because nature is a way to get into the morality of daily life and to enter a more profound moral state, and for environmental reasons. ← ← Playgrounds: effort to improve children’s well-being and health; Jane Jacobs is an advocate • development of regionalism, people began to think in terms of scale (regional parks, city parks, neighborhood parks, playgrounds), way to insert nature and a grand plan, “regional park” at the neighborhood level; - most neighborhoods don’t have space for regular parks • movement tied to boy scouts, girl scouts, YMCA, YWCA • people were increasingly considered about the health of immigrants, concerns about how they represented ways of people to release stress, organizing behavior ensured a more safe environment • Playgrounds become very important to reformers who believed that immigrants were not being assimilated well, and people believed that immigrants could be Americanized through sports (simultaneously, sports started being professionalized). ← Victor Gruen: • designer of Northland Mal, an open air mall near Detroit in 1954 • Then built Southdale Mall, the first enclosed shopping mall in the country, in...
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- Fall '07
- Main Street, public space, Public library, Community building, Ehrenreich