Phil 101 - First Essay Questions - Question 1

Phil 101 - First Essay Questions - Question 1 - Simon Wong...

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Simon Wong 3/31/06 First Essay Questions – Question 1 TA: Joe Yarbrough 1. An all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good being would prevent any harm if doing so would not bring about a greater harm or prevent a greater good. 2. Preventing all murders would not bring about a greater harm 3. Preventing all murders would not prevent a greater good. C. So, an all-powerful, all-knowing, all-good being would prevent all murders. The first step to analyzing this argument is first to check to see if the argument is indeed valid or in other words, as long as the conclusion logically flows from the premises. We then see that the argument takes on the following form: 1. P then Q if and only if not R or not S 2. Not R 3. Not S C. Therefore P then Q Logically, the proposed argument is valid as long as everyone generally accepts that murder is something harmful. If this is not the case, a fourth premise has to be added to make this argument valid and is the following: 4. Murders are harmful. The next step in analyzing this argument is to see if the argument is sound. To do this, the argument has to be both valid and the premises have to be true. The argument has already been found to be valid. However, it seems that the premises may not necessarily be true. Within this argument, lies the argument that Plantinga tackles in his book, the “problem of evil.” First of all, murders are generally viewed to be a human evil. Therefore the first problem that must be reconciled is the existence of both an all-powerful, all-knowing, and all- good being (in Plantinga’s argument, God) and that of evil. Moreover, other premises need to be added to make the argument more complete: 5. Evil exists 6. Murders exist
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7. Murders are evil Plantinga’s strategy was to use the Free Will Defense to prove that a theist’s belief in God is consistent with the existence of evil. Plantinga’s method to prove consistency is by telling a
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Phil 101 - First Essay Questions - Question 1 - Simon Wong...

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