139814-has-the-arab-spring-produced-any-benefits.docx-politics-of-middle-east-essay.docx

139814-has-the-arab-spring-produced-any-benefits.docx-politics-of-middle-east-essay.docx

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Has the Arab Spring produced any benefits? This essay will argued that the protests targeting republican regimes created by the earlier Arab Revolutions signal that Arabism, as in the case of Syria, is likely to suffer from its close association with repressive regimes. Therefore, greater democratization would diminish the impact of supra-state identities and bind people to their states through the bond of citizenship. There are also different authors reflecting on different issues ground their analysis on theoretical stand-points. For instance, Bahgat Korany in his analysis on region’s history since the 1990s offers intermestics as an alternative to the end of history and clash of civilizations theses in order to account for the international politics of the region. Derived from a combination of the words international and domestics, the proposed approach emphasizes the growing connectedness of the internal and external realms with the advent of globalization. Korany argues that the term is even more convenient with the Arab Spring, for the new socio- economics of globalization and mass protests, with their market vagaries, growing socio- political gaps, and involved social forces are increasingly apparent and regional influx and new societal conflicts compound traditional state centric geopolitics. Therefore, this essay will address the following such as Religion and Culture, Economic Development and Social Structure, Authoritarian Statecraft, and The Coils of Geopolitics. Arab spring has produced lots of benefits because during democratization’s third wave, democracy ceased being a mostly Western phenomenon and went global. When the third wave began in 1974, the world had only about 40 democracies, and only a few of them lay outside the West. Therefore, there were 76 electoral democracies (accounting for slightly less than half the world’s independent states). By 1995, that number had shot up to 117 three in every five states. By then, a critical mass of democracies existed in every major world region save one the Middle East (Journal of Democracy). Moreover, every one of the world’s major cultural realms had become host to a significant democratic presence, albeit again with a single exception the Arab world. Fifteen years later, this exception still stands. The continuing absence of even a single democratic regime in the Arab world is a striking anomaly the principal exception to the globalization of democracy. Indeed, why is it the case that among the sixteen independent Arab states of the Middle East and coastal North Africa, The most common assumption about the Arab democracy deficit is that it must have something to do with religion or culture. After all, the one thing that all Arab countries share is that they are Arab (Journal of Democracy). They speak the same language (at least to the extent that they
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share the lingua franca of classical Arabic), and it is often suggested that there are cultural beliefs, structures, and practices more or less common to all countries of the region.
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