HD 216 Prelim 1 SG - - Study guide Notes Readings (Case...

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- Study guide - Notes - Changes of Adolescence Social Transitions Steinberg, Introduction, pp. 3-20: How do different perspectives influence how we define the beginning and ending of adolescence? A complete understanding of adolescence in contemporary society depends on being familiar with biological, social, sociological, cultural, and historical perspectives on adolescence Multidisciplinary perspective- perspective that draws on a variety of disciplines Each provides a view of adolescence that, in its own way, helps further our understanding this period of the life cycle Using different perspectives what are some boundaries for the beginning and end of adolescence? When are early, middle and late adolescence? Adolescence depends on the boundaries we use to define the period Social scientists differentiate: o Early adolescence (10-13) Middle adolescence (14-17) Late adolescence (18-21) Biological: onset of puberty/becoming capable of sexual reproduction Emotional: beginning of detachment from parents/attainment of separate sense of identity Cognitive: emergence of more advanced reasoning abilities/consolidation of advanced reasoning abilities Interpersonal: beginning of shift in interest from parental to peer relations/development of capacity for intimacy with peers Social: beginning of training for adult work, family, and citizen roles Educational: entrance into junior high school/completion of formal schooling Legal: attainment of juvenile status/attainment of majority status Chronological: attainment of designated age of adolescence (10 years)/attainment of designated age of adulthood (21years) Cultural: entrance into period of training for ceremonial rite of passage/completion of ceremonial rite of passage What is emerging adulthood? "youthhood" characterizes the early and mid-20s What are the components of John Hill’s framework for studying adolescence? (1) the fundamental changes of adolescence o the onset of puberty o the emergence of more advanced thinking abilities o the transition into new roles in society biological - puberty: involve changes in young person's physical appearance cognitive (processes that underlie how people think about things) - emergence of more sophisticated thinking abilities
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- increasing ability to think more capably in hypothetical and abstract terms (logical thinking) social - rite of passage: social changes of adolescence are marked by a formal ceremony - changes in social status also permit young people to enter new roles and engage in new activities that dramatically alter their self- image and relationships with others (2) the contexts of adolescence o the effects of changes are not uniform for all young people o the psychological impact of the biological, cognitive, and social changes of adolescence is shaped by the environment in which the change take place o Ecological perspective on human development (Urie Bronfenbrenner): a
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HD 216 Prelim 1 SG - - Study guide Notes Readings (Case...

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