HD 216 Prelim 2 SG - Steinberg, pp. 297-299: 1. What is...

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Steinberg, pp. 297-299: 1. What is androgyny? The combination of both highly masculine and highly feminine traits. 2. Explain the gender intensification hypothesis and how it relates to boys and girls in adolescence. Describe Gilligan’s theory of the loss of voice in adolescent girls. Gender intensification hypothesis is the idea that many of the sex differences observed between adolescent boys and girls result from an acceleration in their socialization to act in stereotypically masculine and feminine ways. Even though individuals’ beliefs about gender roles may become more flexible as they move through adolescence, social pressures may drive teenagers toward more gender-stereotypic behavior. 3. How did Harter find that gender role identity is related to loss of voice in girls? At adolescence, however, social cognitive abilities grow, and girls begin to realize that the very traits they have been socialized for are not valued in the male dominated broader society. As a consequence, girls feel caught between what they have been told is correct for their gender and what they can see is valued by society at large. Overwhelmed by ambivalence, many girls become less confident and less sure of themselves- they lose their “voice”. 4. How are masculinity, femininity and androgyny related to self image and peer acceptance in adolescent boys and girls? Although boys and girls who behave in gender- typical ways are more accepted than their peers whose behavior does not conform with gender-role stereotypes-and feel better about themselves as a result of this peer acceptance-the costs of being gender-atypical are greater for boys than girls. Put another way, the relative benefits of androgyny to youngsters’ self-image are greater for girls than for boys. Steinberg, pp. 325: 1. What did Harter find was the relationship between adolescents’ gender role orientation and the social support they received from others and loss of voice? She found that adolescents’ gender role orientation, as well as both boys and girls who felt that significant others were predictive of loss of voice. Girls with a highly feminine gender role orientation, as well as both boys and girls who felt that significant others in their life did not take their opinion seriously, suffered the loss of voice. Brown & Gilligan: 1. Why do Brown and Gilligan call their methodology more of a literary and clinical approach? They engaged more deeply with the psychological struggles. They were listening for movement within the interview, for stops and starts, for silences and struggles. 2. In describing their Listener’s Guide, Brown and Gilligan say that they listen to an interview four times. What are the four things they are listening for? 1. They listen to the story the person tells. 2. They listen for self for the voice of the “I” speaking in this relationship. 3and 4 they attend to the ways people talk about relationships-how they experience themselves in the relational landscape of human life. 3.
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HD 216 Prelim 2 SG - Steinberg, pp. 297-299: 1. What is...

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