notes 2 - Could Mao have taken control if China not...

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Could Mao have taken control if China not colonized? *** o Mao said goal was to get groups to revolutionize against these forces Mao needs something to unite the people or else they would turn against him, first against foreign devils, and then “non people”*** Common Program o 4 classes Workers Peasants Petty bourgeoisie National bourgeoisie Not collaborated with Japanese or other foreigners Unite the People o 1950’s Mao unites “common people” to rally against the U.S. and support North Korea o Replacing colonialism with nationalism Gave workers the day off Flags, dances Military parades Pictures of Mao o Common language Previously had many dialects (still does) Break down local barriers o May fourth Generation New writing system More like spoken Chinese Replaced classical Chinese All were able to read and understand, not just the “Educated” Does Mao really advocate for everyone to be educated or just feel like they are educated as to not revolt? o One currency Second Mass Campaign o Find and destroy any anticommunist groups, “nonpeople” (the new devils) o Killed 80,000-10 million people Sanfan- Third Mass campaign o 3 anties
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Anticorruption Antiwaste Antibureaucracy o Against government members who maybe only in for the money or job Anti-5 o Against bourgeois and fix economy When Mao came to power, China split into 6 regions o Feared regions would want to split o Hard to communicate BECAUSE REFUSED WESTERN TECH! Early Govt- Compared to an organ system o 2 systems o Military both directly and indirectly tied to government o Many modeled on, but not duplicates of USSR o Differences USSR Constitution says states cant secede Congress o NPC Selects Pres and Vice No fixed size, 2-3 thousand members o CC- Central Committee Chair has EXTREME power, but not a totalitarian dictator o Only basic level govt elected They CHOOSE higher level officials o From 56-77 no party congress served full 5 year terms o 66-74 did not meet at all Movement to get individuals involved o Organizations Communist Youth League Trade union Women organization Medical association o Xiaozu- small groups Transmit party policy to the people Face to face discussion, easier to persuade public Exercise strong conformity within the groups Give sense of involvement in political system Strengthen the weak vertical integration of Chinese society
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Hundred Flowers Campaign 1956 o 100 flowers, 100 new schools on thoughts BUT MAO SUPPRESSED CULTURAL WRITINGS*** o Mao wanted more “freedom of speech”
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2008 for the course POS 4931 taught by Professor Scher during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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notes 2 - Could Mao have taken control if China not...

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