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Running Head: IOM REPORT ON NURSING1IOM Report on NursingNRS-430V-05018/9/2017IOM Report on Nursing
IOM REPORT ON NURSING 2The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is a nonprofit organization created in 1970 to examine and research the problems in healthcare and develop improvements (Institute for Healthcare Improvement, n.d.). Nurses represent the largest population of health care professionals at almost three million registered nurses in the United States (IOM, 2010a). Healthcare is experiencing a big change with the passage of the Affordable Care Act which provides insurance to thirty-two more Americans (IOM, 2010a). This surge in potential patients causes major changes in healthcare and increases the demand for additional healthcare professionals. The IOM published a report regarding the future of nursing and suggestions on improvements in response to reformed health care. This paper will focus on the impact of the Institute of Medicine on nursing education, practice, and leadership. The IOM report recommends changes in education after receiving a nursing license. Because of the shift in population demographics and the increasing number of chronic health conditions, nurses must continue education to deliver a higher level of care. Decision making, quality improvement, systems thinking and team leadership must be included in upcoming education (IOM, 2010b). Nurses with higher education, particularly baccalaureate prepared nurses, are proven to have better patient outcomes, less medication errors, and fewer death rates (ACCN, 2015). Associate degree nurses are encouraged to pursue a bachelor’s degree, the IOM suggests that bachelor prepared nurses increase by 80 percent in 2020 (IOM, 2010b). The IOM also would like to see the number of master degree preparednurses double by this time. To help achieve this goal, tuition reimbursement, scholarships, grants and loan forgiveness programs should be implemented as well as a salary differential.