Anthro - Chapter 2-3 Notes - 3.docx - The Colonizers Model...

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The Colonizer’s Model of the World by J.M. Blaut Reading Notes Chapter 2: The Myth of the European Miracle p. 50-62; Alex Xiong European Miracle = Europe forged ahead of all other civilizations far back in history - in Prehistoric or ancient medieval times - and this internally generated historical superiority/priority explains world history/geography after 1492. Historians disagree on question why/when miracle occurred. However they don’t debate “whether” it occurred or whether there ever was one. After WWII, doctrine modernized, no longer racist theories that stated Europeans were genetically superior. Assumed they were superior because they arrived at stage of development earlier than everyone else Modernization = diffusion of European ideas, things, and influence would bring economic development of non-west world Historical works try and prove European development = natural human course Most influential work was Rostow’s 1960 Stages of Economic Growth: a Non-Communist Manifesto Europe’s past formula and capitalism = only formula for non-Europe’s development Critique Third world intellectuals hated idea of Modernization Underdevelopment/dependency theory: Colonialism had been a process of underdevelopment for the world 1st critique of Eurocentric historiography Eric Williams showed that that wealth from slavery/slave plantation was crucial in amassing capital for England during the Industrial Revolution. Williams Thesis = 1st major demo that non-Europe played central role in modernization. European Marxists were main critics of colonialism. Also main contributors to dependency theory Mainstream European historians also contributed to critique of Eurocentrism Counter critique Marxists argue that capitalism made solely by Europe and so must acknowledge priority of Europe Eric L. Jones The European Miracle 1981 Europe was great and non-Europe was backwards/irrational received great reception
Max Weber, Weberians (followers): find qualities in European family, political system, mind, etc which were reasons for European development Myth Core of myth of European Miracle = set of arguments about ancient and medieval Europe that allow claim to be made as truth, that Europe in 1492 was more modernized, or modernizing more rapidly than the rest of the world Many beliefs that support this theory are implicit = They do not enter scholarly debate of historians Explicit belief that Europeans are superior: A Christian god will naturally raise his people to higher levels Biology Europeans had superior heredity They were also split into superior and inferior subraces polygenesis: Whites not even the same biological species as others rationalism for slavery replaced eventually with classical racism: Blacks had lower intelligence so make them do hard labor End of 19th century, racism was pseudoscientific, continued onto WWII p. 63-74 ; Ramilo Reyes Scientific Racism ·

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