Anthro - Chapter 2-3 Notes - 4.doc - Group 1 Blaut Chapters...

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Group 1: Blaut Chapters 2 & 3 Dis. Monday @ 1-1:50 Kyle Chapman “Intro”: Pgs 50-61 Yusra Khafagi “Biology”: Pgs 61-69 Thao Ta “Environment”: Pgs 69-80 Justin Lu " Environment-Arid, Despotic Asia": Pgs 80-94 Ryan Jebreil “Rationality”: Pgs 94-108 Desmond Cheung “Technology”: Pgs 108-119 Melanie Otico “Society”: Pgs 119-135 John Lin “Ch 3 Intro & Medieval Landscapes”: Pgs 152-165 Melanie Otico "Protocapitalism in Asia, Africa, and Europe”: Pgs 165-173 INTRO The European Miracle: The argument that Europe forged ahead of all other civilizations far back in history and that this internally generated historical superiority or priority. o Historians do not agree among themselves as to why this happened. o Nor do they agree when the miracle began o Historians do not consider whether a miracle happened or even consider the possibility that the rise of Europe above other civilizations did not begin until 1492. Also that it did not result from any European superiority of mind, culture or environment, but from the riches and spoils obtained in the conquest and colonial exploitation of America, Africa, and Asia THE CRITIQUE - The modernization approach was quickly challenged because it gave no real role to non-Europe, past and present. - The period between 1492 and World War II, it claimed that evolutionary processes continued to effloresce mainly in Europe and colonialism brought the fruits of this progress to non-Europe. o Distinctly unpopular among intellectuals of the Third World o Led to the emergences of a critical, even rejectionist, body of thought, including a new historiography. For the precolonial era, necessary to identify own history and how contributed to the world Underdevelopment Theory (Africa Asia), Dependency Theory (Latin America)
o New models developed to show that colonialism, far from diffusing modernization to non European societies had diffused a mix of good and bad innovations which for much of the world has been a process of underdevelopment o Out of this came first serious critique of Eurocentric historiography Williams Thesis (James Williams) o Showed the Caribbean slaves played a role in the development of capitalism. o Showed that the wealth from slavery and the slave plantation had been the crucial factor in the amassing of capital for the Industrial Revolution. - A number of European scholars specializing in non-Europe have uncovered some of the most important evidence against Eurocentric model of pre-1492 history. o J.C Van Leurs work concerning the economic history of South and Southeast Asia o Duyvendak uncovered crucial facts about China’s long-range voyaging in medieval times. o Needham and associates produced a series of studies about the history of Chinese science and technology that had a profound impact on Eurocentric model o Whateley and Elvin develop theory on progressiveness in China THE COUNTERCRITIQUE · Many authors write pro-Eurocentrism and the irrationality and backwardness of non Europe · Attempt to find qualities present in ancient and medieval European culture

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