Group 1: Blaut Chapters 2 & 3
Dis. Monday @ 1-1:50
“Intro”: Pgs 50-61
“Biology”: Pgs 61-69
“Environment”: Pgs 69-80
Justin Lu "
Environment-Arid, Despotic Asia": Pgs 80-94
“Rationality”: Pgs 94-108
“Technology”: Pgs 108-119
“Society”: Pgs 119-135
“Ch 3 Intro & Medieval Landscapes”: Pgs 152-165
"Protocapitalism in Asia, Africa, and Europe”: Pgs 165-173
The European Miracle:
The argument that Europe forged ahead of all other
civilizations far back in history and that this internally generated historical superiority
Historians do not agree among themselves as to why this happened.
Nor do they agree when the miracle began
Historians do not consider whether a miracle happened or even consider the
possibility that the rise of Europe above other civilizations did not begin until 1492.
Also that it did not result from any European superiority of mind, culture or
environment, but from the riches and spoils obtained in the conquest and colonial
exploitation of America, Africa, and Asia
- The modernization approach was quickly challenged because it gave no real role to
non-Europe, past and present.
- The period between 1492 and World War II, it claimed that evolutionary processes
continued to effloresce mainly in Europe and colonialism brought the fruits of this
progress to non-Europe.
Distinctly unpopular among intellectuals of the Third World
Led to the emergences of a critical, even rejectionist, body of thought, including
a new historiography.
For the precolonial era, necessary to identify own history and how contributed to the
Underdevelopment Theory (Africa Asia), Dependency Theory (Latin America)