10-3-08 Arch 350 - 10308Arch350FirstCities GeneralTerms:

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10-3-08 Arch 350 First Cities General Terms: Mesopotamia – modern Iraq, Iran, Turkey – City State – Land between rivers (Euphrates, Tigris) Fertile crescent containing (among others) Jericho, Ur. Area prone to flood and drought (hostile environment). In order for cities to begin here they needed careful management to survive. The “cradle of western” civilization. Sophisticated system of mathematics, writing, hierarchy over groups/individuals, manifested architecturally. Neo-Sumerian Period , (3rd Dynasty of Ur), ca 2150-2000 BC City-State Building Types: 3 Components of the Mesopatamian city. Ziggurat - temple tower of the ancient Mesopotamian valley and Iran, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories or levels. Palace City Wall Key Terms: Temenos - District in Ur that the Ziggarat was located (sacred district) Formal rectoliniar format, oriented to the cardinal points of the compass (NSEW). Temple (religious) and palace (political power) are contained within this district.
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2008 for the course ARCH 350 taught by Professor Iarocci during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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10-3-08 Arch 350 - 10308Arch350FirstCities GeneralTerms:

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