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10-6-08 Arch 350 - flooded by Indus Orderly planned city...

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10-6-08 First Cities – far east – Indus valley General Terms: South Asia - India - Indus Valley Civilization, 2500-1500 BC Building Types: Citadel – Elevated stronghold, elevated area possibly fortified. Bath Granary Key Terms: Waterproofing - Bitumen – Tar used for waterproofing in Mohenjo Daro – used under brickwork and as a mortar Sewer - Drain – Corbelled drain – Mohenjo Daro – elaborate system of water distribution, obsessed with water, cleanliness, etc. Freshwater supplied by wells, enclosed capped brick culvert Key Works: Mohenjo-Daro , Indus Valley, (Pakistan), ca 2600-1900 BC – Mound of the dead Water management – Bath – Clay seals indicating agriculture trade, marked goods. Plan indicates separation between lower town and religious center. Stupa (built later) is just west of the great bath. Great bath attached to a granary, College – possibly residence or educational institution, connected also the great bath. City was destroyed and rebuilt seven times (possibly
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Unformatted text preview: flooded by Indus). Orderly planned city possesses some type of order. In the Indus valley, the city center is always to the west. Absence of royal tombs. Believed that the upper structure was made of timber. Evidence of granary possibly refuted because of lack of pottery used for grain. Great Bath, Granary, Drainage System – used by commoners and priests for ritual tasks, bathing. Series of rooms along outside used for bathing. Waterproofed tank, 40ft by 23ft by 8ft deep. Brick lined fitted for waterproofing. Religious ritual function, water perhaps was to purify. Axis stair sets suggest significance of the order of the work. Wells located throughout the city to supply fresh water. Looking almost like towers as layers of the city were added. Some were private most were for public use. Indentations in the floor where water jars were placed. High precision in cutting the brick to form a circle of the brick well. City oriented to north south axis....
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