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10-20-08 Arch 350 - oldest pyramid moon Sun temple was...

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10-20-08 General Terms: Classic Period- Mayan (ca 300-900 AD) Building Types: Mercado - Shaft-tomb - Key Terms : Talud Tablero Key Works: Teotihuacán, Mexico, ca 150 BC- AD 150 – highly advanced 200,000 people at its height. Located on a large lake (now drained). Laid out precisely east of north. Pyramid of the sun oriented to face the east. Clearly the avenue of the dead is axial. Roads are linked to a larger cosmic order. Spectacle was being laid out to encourage public participation. Pyramid of the Sun, Pyramid of the Moon – Connection to the landscape as sacred. Powerful, symbolically oriented. Connection to water symbolism, largest
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Unformatted text preview: oldest pyramid - moon. Sun temple was larger. Moon – primary function was public participation. Temple of Quetzalcoatl (Feathered Serpent) – ceremonial center – large open plaza – administrative center. Could accommodate upwards of 60 000 people. Open air public plazas. Possibly political center. Figures with exaggerated features, animalistic creatures. Seen as symbols of regeneration. Chichen Itzå (Yucatan), Mexico, ca AD 1000-1200 – Yucatan peninsula Second largest city in mezzo America. Castillo, Ball-Court, Mercado – space used for sport participation. Specifically for a sport related activity....
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