Midterm Review - KEY WORKS You need to be able to identify...

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You need to be able to identify each of the KEY WORKS by name, location and by approximate date, and architect, if known. You must also be able to describe the significance of a key work which may include but are not limited to unique aspects of its construction, design, relationship to other works, and broader artistic and cultural context. KEY TERMS You should understand these terms and be able to fully define them for the tests. Barrel vault - is an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve (or pair of curves, in the case of a pointed barrel vault) along a given distance. The curves are typically circular in shape, lending a semi-cylindrical appearance to the total design. Pillar - free-standing member or weight carrying member which, unlike a column need not be cylindrical Colonnade denotes a long sequence of columns joined by their entablature, often free-standing, Deir El-Bahiri example. Batter A slope, as of the outer face of a wall, that recedes from bottom to top. Obelisk - a tall, narrow, four-sided, tapering monument which ends in a pyramidal top – challenge because they are one piece of stone. Often erected in pairs. Pylon - refers to a truncated pyramid or an object shaped like one. Hypostyle Hall - flat ceiling which is supported by columns, as in the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak Geoglyph - drawing on the ground, or a large motif Mound – Large imitation of mountain, natural shape, raised pyramid like shape. Platform - Wattle and Daub – Thatch – Wood creating framework patched with daub (clay and straw) – the wood was precious and thus could not solely be used (lattice wood framing). Using available materials, carefully, sustainably. Banpao settlement. Adobe – Mud brick – Catal Hoyk Rammed earth – Pise de terre – UK ancient technique where earth is pressed and leveled down into a form work. Pounded one layer after another. Rubble masonry
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This note was uploaded on 10/30/2008 for the course ARCH 350 taught by Professor Iarocci during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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Midterm Review - KEY WORKS You need to be able to identify...

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