Running Head: AUTISM AND ASPERGER’S SYNDROMEAutism and Asperger’s Syndrome: An In-Depth Discussion on the affects of Autism SpectrumDisorders in Children, Adolescents, and Young AdultsAshley R. HarrisMontgomery College1
AUTISM AND ASPERGER’S SYNDROMEAbstractMore and more, children today are being diagnosed with Autism and other Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). It is said that it affects 1 in 110 children; males are more at risk than females. Autism, in general, is a communicative and cognitive disorder that can hinder the child’s social skills, language development, and intellectual ability. It can also cause behavioral difficulties. Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), named after Hans Asperger, is thought to be a milder form of Autism, with the child’s intelligence intact, but they may have difficulty reading social cues and relating to other people. In addition, children with AS have been documented as having repetitivebehaviors and routines. Doctors, psychologists, and educators have researched many treatments for these disorders, including therapy, special education plans, and medications. Numerous tests and studies have been conducted to unlock clues into this puzzling condition, and many of their results have been published in journals, newspapers, and magazines, all over the world. Autism and Asperger’s, respectively, show in different ways in different stages of the child’s development, causing problems when it comes to interacting with their peers. This paper will discuss basic information about these disorders, as well as several aspects related to AS and Autism, including treatment methods, studies and their results, and the characteristic of Autism Spectrum Disorders.Keywords: Autism, Asperger’s, disorder, children, adolescents, young adults, treatment, behavior, medication, education, peer interactions, social skills, communication skills, emotional well-being, services2
AUTISM AND ASPERGER’S SYNDROMEIntroductionMeet Sidney, a 20-year-old, African American female living in an urban community. She is a full-time college student working a part time job. On the outside, she’s like any other individual in her age group. However, when one gets to know her, they notice some slight differences in her social skills, habits, and personality. Although her peers could not quite put their finger on what was different about Sidney, her family and former teachers knew all too well. Sidney is diagnosed as having an Autism Spectrum Disorder. To be more specific, she is classified as being a high-functioning autistic, though she tells others who are interested in her that she has Asperger’s Syndrome. But what does this mean? What is Autism? What is Asperger’s Syndrome? And what is an autism spectrum disorder? In this paper I will be going into detail about what these terms mean, the treatments for these disorders, how children/adolescents/young adults live, cope, and deal with this disorder daily, as well as the teststo diagnose these conditions, and the research that has been done to unlock the mysteries of Autism, Asperger’s, and other ASDs.