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Unformatted text preview: 9/3/08 Use of limited systems Learning-Performance distinction Learning Paradigms Terminology Between and within subjects designs Reflexes Fixed (Modal) Action Patterns Imprinting Prepared Associations Unprepared Associations Contraprepared Associations Physically Impossible 1 9/3/08 Skinner -- pliable - environment Freud -- stresses innate, allows for environment Lorenz -- heavy genetic influence Modern approach to studying species-specific behavior Conflict with American learning theorists Wallace Craig - 1918
One of first to analyze behavior rather than just describe it Appetitive vs. consummatory behavior - essentially learned vs. innate (FAP) Greatly influenced his student Lorenz and others like Tinbergen Psychohydraulic model
Total Action Potential Innate Releasing Mechanism Action Speciﬁc Energy Intensity of FAP Innate Releasing Stimulus 2 9/3/08 Fixed Action Pattern
Taxis component Vacuum activity Displacement Activity Imprinting Hierarchical organization with major and minor instincts IRM Signiﬁcant stimuli are releasers Four criteria (Moltz) 1. Innate 2. Hard to disrupt 3. Stereotyped 4. After occurrence, latent period Are there and human MAPs? 3 9/3/08 Ethogram Isolation studies Models Critical Period Law of Effort Massed practice Punishment (mild) facilitates Primacy Effect Usually not reversible Drugs may facilitate None None Spaced Suppresses Recency Reversible Not usually 4 ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2008 for the course PSY 351 taught by Professor Brown during the Fall '08 term at Utica.
- Fall '08