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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 351 - Examination One – Make-up Answer any eight (and only eight) of the following questions. Be as brief and concise as possible while still remaining confident of your answer. Seven points each. 1. Describe the two basic paradigms for the study of learning in the laboratory. Relate them to the definition of learning. 2. What are the characteristics of a good scientific theory? Your text mentions five. Do you see one of these as more important than the others? Why? 3. What is an intervening variable? Why did Skinner believe that they should not be used in psychological theories? In your opinion, what is the greatest advantage and disadvantage of using them? 4. Briefly describe Aristotle’s principles of association and mention two additional ones offered by Brown. Illustrate each of these with an example from your life. 5. Describe some research results that provide evidence that learning can result from two of the following: 1. chemical changes in the brain; 2. growth of new synaptic connections; or 3. growth of new neurons. 6. What kinds of evidence do scientists use to support claims that humans are born with certain abilities and predispositions? Which of these do you find most convincing and least convincing? 7. Imprinting seems to fit our definition of learning, but there are clear differences between imprinting and the more typical association learning. What are some of these differences? 8. Why have researchers devoted so much study to habituation in the snail Aplysia? What has been learned about the neural and chemical mechanisms of habituation in the gillwithdrawal reflex in this creature? 9. What is the most common form of non-associative learning? How does it explain how a person could become bored with having sex with the same person? Describe several things that could be done to prevent this from happening? 10. Define, describe, or identify the following: -determinism -critical period -FAP -empiricism -tropism -CVC -latent learning 11. Why did learning become such a dominant sub-discipline within psychology during the first half of the twentieth century? ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2008 for the course PSY 351 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '08 term at Utica.
- Spring '08