Unformatted text preview: Psychology 351 - Examination Two Answer Question #1 and any six (and only 6) of the remaining questions. Be as brief and concise as possible while still remaining confident of your answer. Seven points each. 1. Identify the CS, the UCS, the CR, and the UCR in seven of the following situations. You must correctly identify all four to “earn” the point. There may be instances of generalization, discrimination, higher order conditioning, etc. A. Tom hates the sight of cats, and he is allergic to them. One of Toms friends has a night of boozing on many Vodka screwdrivers, and eating much pizza and salad with bacon bits. After becoming sick, she refuses to eat bacon bits. Your significant other often yells at you and makes you feel bad. Pretty soon you can't stand the look of that person and dump them. You meet another person who wears the same cologne/perfume. Although they seem nice, you just can't seem to get along with them. There are two people you know who you always see together. One day, you see one of them by himself, and he comes up to you and punches you in the nose. Later you see the other one by himself, and you decide to turn around so he doesn't see you. On your way home from school there is a big dog that always barks at you. You start to feel uncomfortable when taking that route, so you take a new route home, past a smaller dog that is not so loud. Whenever you watch a scary show, you always have a big bowl of popcorn. Now you find that just having a bowl of popcorn makes you feel creepy. Later your scary show is canceled, and you start eating popcorn while watching Seinfeld. Now the popcorn makes you feel happy. You always do your homework on your desk. After a very hard semester, you find that sitting at your desk depresses you. You are having an affair with your best friend's spouse. Whenever you are alone together her perfume drives you crazy, but when your friend is around you both act normally. You want to quit smoking, so you sit at home and give yourself a shock every time you reach for a cigarette. Your smoking decreases. However, when you go out with your friends your smoking returns to the same level. Your cat gets attacked by a dog while walking in your front yard. Now your cat stays in the back yard or in the house. You get an aquarium, which your cat discovers and regularly eats the fish. You give up and take the aquarium away, but your cat still likes to sit on the shelf where the aquarium was. Your dog gets sick and requires several painful trips to the vet. Now he hides every time he hears you rattle your keys. Every time you take your kids out in the car, you drive through McDonalds and get dinner. Now whenever you rattle your keys, your kids come running. 2. Describe and label one temporal arrangement between the CS and the UCS (stimulus asynchonism, usually) that produces strong excitatory conditioning, one that produces weak excitatory conditioning, and one that can produce inhibitory conditioning. Briefly explain wht each has the result it does. 3. How can television advertisers use classical conditioning to give viewers a positive feeling about their product? How could they create a negative reaction to competing brands? Mention a commercial that does each. 4. Describe how aversive counterconditioning can be used to treat alcoholism. Is the occurrence of relapses, especially many years after treatment, inconsistent with the principles of classical conditioning? Explain. 5. Pavlov observed that the amount his dog, Spotski, salivated to a bell increased, up to a point, with an increase in the number of conditioning trials. Identify the independent variable and the dependent variable, and in a couple of sentences describe the relationship between the two. Assuming he used the “best” temporal arrangement for the CS and UCS, identify that procedure and a good control condition for it. 6. Under what conditions does the Rescorla-Wagner model predict that there will be (1) excitatory conditioning, (2) inhibitory conditioning, and (3) no conditioning? Give an example of each case. 7. Why are taste-aversion learning and other examples of biological constraints on conditioning seen as threats to the general-principle approach to learning? How has the issue been settled? 8. What are conditioned compensatory responses? What roles do the play in drug tolerance and addiction? What implications do you see for people who suffer from drug addictions? 9. What is inhibition of delay? How do we demonstrate it? What does disinhibition have to do with it? 10. Define, describe, or identify the following: -overshadowing -spontaneous recovery -anticipation method - orienting response -generalization -experimental neurosis -higher-order conditioning Keep the questions. Hand in only the blue book. ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2008 for the course PSY 351 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '08 term at Utica.
- Spring '08