35101015 - 9/28/08 Thomas G. Brown, Ph.D.   Sign up for...

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Unformatted text preview: 9/28/08 Thomas G. Brown, Ph.D.   Sign up for time rat   Weight –  Lab scale   Carry   Water cage to lab bottle –  Invert   Silver switch - Exp On   Power Supply   Classical Cond. –  Pavlov –  Russia –  Simple association through contiguity   UCS is reinforcing stimulus   Reinforcing stimulus precedes behavior   More basic (?) form of learning   Are there different types of learning? 1 9/28/08   A matter of animal intelligence chickens and cats and puzzle boxes   Latency measures   Trial and error learning   Instrumental conditioning   Of   Thorndike’s Law of Effect - 1911 several responses made to the same situation, those which are accompanied or closely followed by satisfaction to the animal will, other things being equal, be more firmly connected with the situation, so that, when it recurs, they will be more likely to recur … The greater the satisfaction … the greater the strengthening … of the bond.”   “Of   Satisfiers and annoyers a satisfying state of affairs is meant one which the animal does nothing to avoid, often doing such things as attain and preserve it.” - 1911   Similarly for annoyers   Transituationality - Meehl (1950)   “By 2 9/28/08   Reinforcing stimulus comes after the behavior   SD R SR+   Stimulus sets the occasion –  Doesn’t elicit –  Emitted behavior   Association –  Classical: between stimuli –  Instrumental: between stimuli and responses   Others   Within subject (small ‘n’) and between subject (groups)   Discrete trial –  Mazes –  Alleys   Free operant –  “Skinner box” –  Operant conditioning chamber (space) Hampton Court 3 9/28/08 •  T T T T T •  Y T Y Maze T Maze Straight Alley •  Radial Arm Maze 4 9/28/08   Magazine Training   Shaping   Response Rate   Cumulative Record Present Positive Operation Remove Positive Reinforcement (Negative) Punishment (Type II) Omission Stimulus Negative (Positive) Punishment Negative Reinforcement (Type I) Escape Avoidance   Breland and Breland Misbehavior of Organisms   Skinner’s The Behavior of Organisms   Instinctive Drift   The –  Dancing chickens –  Saving racoons and pigs –  Baseball chickens 5 9/28/08   Continuous –  CRF –  EXT   Intermittent Count Factor Time   Unchanging Fixed Ratio Fixed Interval Variable Ratio Variable Interval Variability Changing 6 ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2008 for the course PSY 351 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '08 term at Utica.

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