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SG108F - Psychology 351 Study Aid for Examination One Terms...

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Psychology 351 Study Aid for Examination One Terms from lecture: definition of learning independent variable dependent variable experimental group control group inferential vs. descriptive statistics advantages/disadvantages of using animal subjects behaviorism Aristotle - 3 laws contiguity, similarity, contrast British Associationism/Empiricism Determinism Locke - tabula rasa Descartes Fechner Wundt Darwin social climate in USA and Russia external validity inductive vs. deductive process learning-performance distinction three paradigms for learning Thorndike Pavlov Skinner within subjects vs. between groups designs parsimony ethologist ethogram isolation study models supernormal stimulus Loeb – tropism - kinesis - taxis fixed action patterns taxis component Lorenz - psychohydraulic model Action specific energy innate releasing mechanism Modal action patterns Hess - comparison of imprinting and association learning Imprinting sensitive/critical/optimal period sign stimulus sociobiology
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