SG108F - Psychology 351 Study Aid for Examination One Terms...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 351 Study Aid for Examination One Terms from lecture: definition of learning independent variable dependent variable experimental group control group inferential vs. descriptive statistics advantages/disadvantages of using animal subjects behaviorism Aristotle - 3 laws contiguity, similarity, contrast British Associationism/Empiricism Determinism Locke - tabula rasa Descartes Fechner Wundt Darwin social climate in USA and Russia external validity inductive vs. deductive process learning-performance distinction three paradigms for learning Thorndike Pavlov Skinner within subjects vs. between groups designs parsimony ethologist ethogram isolation study models supernormal stimulus Loeb – tropism - kinesis - taxis fixed action patterns taxis component Lorenz - psychohydraulic model Action specific energy innate releasing mechanism Modal action patterns Hess - comparison of imprinting and association learning Imprinting sensitive/critical/optimal period sign stimulus sociobiology continuum of ease of learning Sherrington spinal reflex habituation – examples sensitization orienting response Pavlov - Sechenov standard paradigm UCS (US) - UCR (UR) - CS - CR acquisition - extinction forward conditioning delayed conditioning (long delay >5 sec) trace conditioning backward conditioning simultaneous conditioning temporal conditioning anticipation method test-trial method control procedures spontaneous recovery generalization discrimination experimental neurosis higher order conditioning active inhibitory process conditioned inhibition summation procedure/test retardation procedure/test inhibition of delay disinhibition sensory preconditioning semantic conditioning interceptive conditioning acquired taste aversion stimulus substitution model conditioned compensatory response blocking overshadowing psychoneuroimmunology conditioned asthma tolerance food allergies psychosomatic interactions conditioned suppression conditioned emotional response eyeblink conditioning preparedness prepared unprepared contraprepared Text: Chapter 1-1,3,5,6,8,12,13,14,18,19 Chapter 2-1,8,10,12,14,15,16,18,19,20 Chapter 3-1,5,6,7,11,12,13,16,18,20 Chapter 4-1,3,4,5,7,9,12,16,18,19 Exam: Select 8 of 10 brief essay questions. Of those 10, at least 7 will come from the text questions above. One will be a terminology question based on text and lecture. ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/24/2008 for the course PSY 351 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '08 term at Utica.

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