Notes Language - 99.3% of what kids are exposed to is...

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Problem 2: Assigning Meaning Parent (pointing) “Chair” What hypotheses could a first-time language learner entertain? What helps? Reducing the possible interpretations of a label: Processing constraints “Constraints” in nativist theory – “wired-in” language acquisition Object Scope Constraint – constrains young language-learners to infer that a label refers to the entire object eg chair Taxonomic constraint “Kitty” can be applied to other real-world objects w/ same Characteristics Overextensions/Under-extensions Mutual exclusivity Eg “Kitty is chasing a birdie” Facilitates learning new label, “birdie” Problem #3: What’s grammatical? Grammar: Knowledge of the rules of language What is available to help children learn a grammar? Positive evidence: exposure to grammatical utterances
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Unformatted text preview: 99.3% of what kids are exposed to is grammatical Negative evidence: Feedback that a string of words is ungrammatical Parents dont usually do this Can children learn grammar just through exposure to grammatical utterances? Imitation But it cant account for all of grammar acquisition, because: Child Errors: Parent says: Wash your feet or Get your foot off me Child says: I washed my feets or He gots his foots on me Not imitation mistakes A child isnt a passive recipient of grammar Child contributions to acquisition of a grammar: Brain-language relation Rule-learning strategies (unconscious information processing) Pay attention to word order To ends of words Avoid exceptions...
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Notes Language - 99.3% of what kids are exposed to is...

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