PERSONALITY notes.docx - PERSONALITY We all have at least...

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PERSONALITYWe all have at least an idea of what type of personality that we are, and probably where our behavior stems from…but understanding others behavior is different all together.Definition:A personality can be defined as a dynamic and organized set of characteristicspossessed by a person that uniquely influences his or her cognitions, emotions,interpersonal orientations motivations and behaviours in various situations.ORA relatively enduring pattern of thinking, feeling and acting thatcharacterize a person’s response to her or his environment. OR The particular combination of emotional attitudes and behavioral responsepatterns of an individual. A person is made up of the characteristic patterns ofthoughts feeling and behavior that make a person unique.Characteristic: distinguishing feature or quality. A feature that helps toidentify, tell apart or describe.Trait:a distinguishing character, especially of one’s personal nature/anelement of personality that is relatively stable throughout one’s lifespan andacross contexts – it is consistentCharacter:Group of features, traits and characteristics that form the individualnature of a person.Personality: – the essential character of a person or the visible aspect of one’scharacter as it impresses others.Personality is on the SURFACE e.g. you have a great personality if youare outgoing and always know the right thing to say to people.You have a great character if you are honest even when it is difficult to beso.YOU CAN ALMOST FAKE PERSONALITY BUT NOT CHARACTER.Personality consists of stable characteristics that explain why a person behaves in a particular way. Personality characteristicsIndependenceConscientiousness (thorough, careful, desire to do a task well).AgreeablenessSelf-control
However it is only when we see, hear, observe a person that we are able to understand their personality.Individuals are consistent in the way in which they respond to situations. Thusit would surprise as if one day a person demonstrates autonomy and the next he withdraws and delays decisions. Acting out of character”this can only beobserved if we have an understanding of their “typical behavior in the firstplace”Individuals may sometimes suppress or exaggerate certain personality traits e.g. if they areunder stress or influence by alcohol/drugs.Managers must learn the art of reading people’s behavior in order to manager relationshipseffectively.PERSONALITY STUDIES Personality studies can be divided into two; Nomothetic and Idiographic approaches.Nomothetic ApproachThe nomothetic view emphasizes comparability among individuals but sees people asunique in their combination of traits.

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Term
Winter
Professor
N/A
Tags
Organizational behaviour, The Land,

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