Psyc Study Guide Test 1

Psyc Study Guide Test 1 - Psyc Study Guide test 1...

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Psyc. Study Guide: test 1 Definition of Psychology: The science of behavior and mental processes Psychology developed from these 2 disciplines: Philosophy, Biology (physiology) Rene Descartes - 1596-1650 - 4 Influences on Scientific Psychology: 1.) Skepticism 2.) Human defined by thinking 3.) Body is a machine 4.) Mind and the body both exist and interact - The mind-body problems . How can two separate realms of existence- the mental and physical- interact? Casper Materialism: everything is physical Empiricism: Knowledge comes from experience through the senses Physiology: How parts of the body functions Where and When Psychology Began: Germany, end of 1800’s, mental processes reaction to mental stimuli Willhelm Wundt: -Founder of modern psyc -1832-1920 - Introspection: research method, which observers examine, record their own internal mental processes Functionalism: -View on psychology that focuses on how mental/behavioral processes function - 2 influences for its development 1.) Darwinism- opened up psyc. 2.) Americans practical attitude Behaviorism: -The view that psyc should be an objective science w/o reference to the mind - Development in brain sciences and computers led to cognitive psyc World War II: medicine, people were showing psyc signs after war Basic Research: Pure sciences that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
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Applied Research: scientific study that aims to solve a practical problem Psychology’s Big Debate- Nature vs. Nurture: -The longstanding controversy over the relative contribution that genes and experience make to the development of psyc traits and behaviors -Do our human traits develop through experience, or do we come equipped with them? Natural Selection: The principle that, among the range of the inherited trait variations, those that lead to increased reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations Psychology’s Three Main Levels of Analysis: 1.) Biological influences: -Genetic predispositions, genetic mutations, natural selection of adaptive
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Psyc Study Guide Test 1 - Psyc Study Guide test 1...

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